Bibliography: Ecology (page 614 of 627)

This bibliography is selected and organized by the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include John M. Hunter, L. Reed Brantley, John H. Perkins, Colleen Murakami, of New York State Univ, Bruce Krushelnicki, Robert Ben Peyton, Michael J. Brody, Helmut Koch, and Kerry Baldwin.

Arbona, Sonia I.; Hunter, John M. (1995). Economic Development Threatens Groundwater in Puerto Rico: Results of a Field Study, Journal of Geography. Presents the results of a field study done on 7 wells providing 37% of the total aquifer production for 4 municipalities in Puerto Rico. Each sampled well showed signs of contamination by heavy metals, nitrate, and semivolatile organic compounds. Although found in low concentrations, current development threatens groundwater quality. Descriptors: Chemical Analysis, Drinking Water, Ecological Factors, Ecology

Andersson, Bengt-Erik; Gunnarsson, Lars (1984). Family Support and Development: A Longitudinal, Ecological Study of Families with Children of Pre-School and Junior-Level Age (The FAST-Project), School Research Newsletter. Part of an international joint project involving five countries, this report details a 5-year longitudinal, ecological investigation of Swedish families. The study focused on the circumstances and development of children from the time they were 3.5-year-olds until the end of grade 1. The investigation also included national substudies not having any counterpart in the research programs of other participating countries. The main research methods employed were interviews and observations designed to yield information on the following points: family background and changes in the family over time; parental experience of conditions making things easier and more difficult for parents of very young children; the social network of the family; the child's activities (how the child spends his or her day and patterns of social interaction with adults and children in and outside the home); and various aspects of child development. Contacts between homes and preschool institutions and between homes and schools were investigated by means of questionnaires addressed to parents, preschool staff, and teachers. All data were collected between 1978 and 1984, and findings are reported in 30 publications cited at the end of the report. Analyses in progress concern (1) cross-national comparisons of the social networks of mothers; (2) the working situation of parents of young children as related to child development; (3) the different roles of fathers and mothers; (4) family changes over time; (5) children's activities and relations; (6) parental experience of formal support systems; (7) educational patterns and emotional climate; and (8) sex-stereotype socialization between 3 and 7 years of age. No presently available analyses include school data; such analyses will be made during 1984-85 on data obtained through follow-up of background information, questionnaires addressed to grade 1 teachers, questionnaires to parents, interviews with children, and ability tests. Descriptors: Change, Child Development, Child Rearing, Ecology

Brantley, L. Reed; And Others (1983). FAST: Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching. Instructional Guide. Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) is a program which is intended to facilitate student transition from the general science process programs of elementary schools to the discipline-oriented programs of high school. This guide has been developed to provide an overview of the total program as well as a description of the instructional materials and strategies. The information in the document: (1) explains the assumptions, goals, and objectives of the FAST program; (2) describes the content of the three FAST levels (the local environment–FAST 1; flow of matter and energy in the biosphere–FAST 2; and change over time–FAST 3); (3) outlines alternative time schedules and sequences of student investigations; (4) identifies teacher and student materials and their use; and (5) suggests general strategies for classroom organizations and management. Particular attention is given to guidelines for planning and conducting effective group interactions for problem solving situations. Descriptors: Change, Ecological Factors, Ecology, Energy

Quinlan, Susan E. (1986). Alaska Wildlife Week, Upper Elementary Teacher's Guide. Unit 4. We All Need Each Other–The Web of Life. April 20-26, l986. The ecological theme of "We all need each other–the web of life" serves as the focus of Alaska's fourth annual wildlife week and as the emphasis for the activities in this guide for upper elementary teachers. The packet of materials contains: (1) an introduction (explaining the theme); (2) table of contents (indicating each lesson's objective and the location of its background sheets, students worksheets and activities, and curriculum integration ideas); (3) list of worksheets (providing titles, summaries, and page numbers for the ll activities); (4) worksheet solutions (listing answers and/or explanations for each of the exercises); (5) glossary (offering an illustrated dictionary of selected ecological terms); (6) ecosystem crossword puzzle; (7) lessons (containing objectives, background information, vocabulary list, activities, and curriculum integration suggestions); (8) ideas and references for ecosystem investigations (suggesting techniques and phenomenon to explore in the outdoors); (9) classification guide (explaining the four kingdoms of living things); (l0) Alaskan food chain and food web examples (citing specific relationships common to four ecosystems); and (ll) references. Descriptors: Ecology, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Environmental Education

Brody, Michael J.; Koch, Helmut (1986). An Assessment of 4th, 8th, and 11th Grade Students' Knowledge Related to Marine Science and Natural Resource Issues. In an effort to contribute information for science teachers and curriculum developers in Maine, this study generated base line data on 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students' knowledge of marine science and natural resources principles in relation to the Gulf of Maine. Five concept maps representing 15 major content principles were developed. Two hundred twenty-six students from 12 schools in Maine were interviewed on marine science, natural resources and decision-making concepts and principles. Student knowledge was then classified according to correct concepts, missing concepts and misconceptions. Similarities and differences between the three grade levels were analyzed and compared to results of the Maine Assessment of Educational Progress in Science. The results indicated that the students in the sample did learn a few basic marine and natural resource concepts in the elementary grades, but that there was little further assimilation of new concepts or differentiation of existing concepts as students progressed through the grades. The results are discussed with regard to possible implications for future marine science curricula.   [More]  Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Measurement, Concept Formation, Concept Mapping

Botts, Lee; Krushelnicki, Bruce (1987). The Great Lakes. An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book. This atlas was developed jointly by the Canadian and American governments, and is intended to provide an ecosystem approach to the understanding of the Great Lakes Basin. Chapter one provides an introduction to both the natural and cultural aspects of the Great Lakes. Chapter two, "Natural Processes in the Great Lakes," describes such factors as geology, climate, the hydrological cycle, surface runoff, groundwater, wetlands, lake levels, lake processes (such as stratification and turnover), and living resources. Chapter three, "People and the Great Lakes," traces the earliest settlers that first began to fish, farm, and deforest the basin, and whose descendants spawned the massive urban and industrial growth of today. Chapter four explores the concerns many have about the Great Lakes today, including the effects of eutrophication, pathogens, toxics, biomagnification, and other polluting factors. Chapter five examines some of the ways that governments have sought to respond to many of the difficulties facing the lakes, and chapter six discusses some of the future scenarios of the Great Lakes. Included is a glossary, a metric conversion chart, references and suggestions for further reading, maps, figures, and factsheets. Descriptors: Depleted Resources, Ecological Factors, Ecology, Environmental Education

Engleson, David C. (1986). Recent Wisconsin Initiatives in Environmental Education. Wisconsin was one of the first states to establish statutory requirements for teaching about natural resources and conservation. This paper describes some recent developments and initiatives that have been undertaken in Wisconsin since 1980. A new teacher certification rule was officially promulgated in October 1983, and went into effect on July 1, 1985. It requires that candidates seeking teacher certification in the areas of early childhood, elementary, agriculture, science, and social studies education be able to demonstrate competency in four areas of content (natural resources conservation, energy, ecological principles, and people-environment interactions) and also in three areas of methodology. A Guide to Curriculum Planning Environmental Education was published in 1986, and offers a rationale for environmental education. The guide includes the philosophy, goals, and objectives of environmental education, and identifies the kinds of objectives appropriate for different grade levels. It is intended that this guide will be used by schools in meeting a new school district standard, requiring a curriculum plan for environmental education, which goes into effect in 1988-89. New standards for teachers of high school environmental studies are also discussed. Descriptors: Conservation (Environment), Ecology, Elementary Secondary Education, Energy Education

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services. (1986). Moloka'i: Fishponds. Designed to help teachers implement marine education in their classrooms, this module provides information regarding a vanishing Hawaiian resource, fishponds. Due to the impact of present day human activities on shoreline areas, the size and number of fishponds have been greatly reduced; therefore, this module focuses on fishponds as a resource management tool. Descriptions are provided of the biological and physical features of fishponds. Activities are presented by the topic areas of: (1) plants in the fishpond food system; (2) fishpond sediments; (3) animals living in the sediment; (4) fishpond predators; (5) mangroves; (6) mullet; and (7) fishpond construction. Activities contain a learning objective, material list, procedures, and in most cases discussion questions. A bibliography is included and appendices consist of an identification guide to common fishpond inhabitants and a field trip to Ali'i Fishpond.   [More]  Descriptors: Biology, Ecology, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education

Baldwin, Kerry; And Others (1985). Arizona Teachers Resource Guide for Environmental Education. Grades K-12. [Revised]. This document represents the second revision of a similar guide (no longer in print) originally published in 1974. It was developed to help teachers in Arizona encourage students to: (1) become aware of human dependence on natural resources; (2) gain a fundamental understanding about our natural resources; (3) intelligently react to problems of waste and damage to natural resources, and (4) search for solutions. The guide contains chapters on the sun, water, geology, soil, plants, animals, climate, and humans and the environment. These list and discuss a set of concepts. The background information and explanatory material within these chapters was developed to help teachers understand each concept. A major portion of the guide provides 34 teaching activities which address these concepts and are keyed to different grade levels and subject areas. Another section of the guide includes a set of fact sheets containing questions and answers about various natural resources. Also included is a glossary of terms and a set of references. Descriptors: Biology, Ecology, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education

Osis, Vicki; And Others (1986). Gateway to the Pacific: The Columbia River. Teacher's Resource Book, Grades 5-7. Developed as part of an international curriculum effort, this unit aims to provide information to students about the interdependence of Pacific nations and the importance of the Columbia River and its ports in international trade. Geared for grades 5-7, the materials focus on harbors both as natural ecosystems and as locations of international ports for the exchange of raw materials and manufactured goods. Part 1 of the guide includes lessons which present activities related to: (1) entering the harbor; (2) use of the harbor; (3) the harbor environment; and (4) you and your harbor. A series of readings comprise part 2. Part 3 contains vocabulary lists which are designed to be used with the specific readings found in section 2. Descriptors: Ecology, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Environmental Education

Perkins, John H., Ed.; And Others (1986). International Aspects of Environmental Education. Monographs in Environmental Education and Environmental Studies. Volume III. This document contains four sections which deal with various aspects of international environmental education. Section 1 includes papers that describe environmental education projects and programs in South America, Europe, India, Scotland, the Arab states, and the Sudan. An additional article in this chapter compares the environmental education adoption potential of inservice workshop participants in both developed and developing countries. Section 2 contains papers on methods and perspectives on the evaluation of curriculum. It includes articles dealing with the evaluation of environmental education and curriculum materials, analyses of case studies of international environmental campaigns, a study of preconceptions of the biosphere held by children in several countries, and an examination of a new environmental awareness in science education. Section 3 includes two curricular proposals. One describes an action research approach to environmental problem solving, while the other proposes a method for teaching about international environmental issues at the university level. The final section of the document contains two papers on the environmental problems of international significance. One paper summarizes recent scientific findings on acid rain. The second proposes an educational strategy for addressing the problem of nuclear arms. Descriptors: Air Pollution, Area Studies, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Research

Vukasin, Helen L., Ed. (1985). People's Participation in Development and the Management of Natural Resources. Report on the Caribbean Regional Workshop (Vieux Fort, St. Lucia, April 15-19, 1985). This Caribbean Regional Workshop was organized to bring together representatives of private, voluntary, and community development organizations, governmental agencies, and other non-governmental organizations in the Eastern Caribbean who were concerned with environmental quality. The conference was intended to improve the level of citizen participation in development efforts aimed at satisfying human needs on an ecologically sustainable basis. This document summarizes the points made by the workshop's principal speakers and the substantive ideas brought forth in the discussion groups. Part one of the document deals with "People's Participation: Issues, Elements, Strategies." Part two includes case studies presented at the workshop from St. Lucia, the Dominican Republic, other Caribbean Islands, and from Canada. The appendices include a statement of purpose and objectives of the workshop, a summary of the workshop program, an evaluation of the workshop, and a listing of participating agencies. Descriptors: Case Studies, Citizen Participation, Community Action, Community Development

Hungerford, Harold R.; Peyton, Robert Ben (1986). Procedures for Developing an Environmental Education Curriculum. A Discussion Guide for UNESCO Training Seminars on Environmental Education. Environmental Educational Series 22. In 1980, the International Environmental Education Program of UNESCO published Strategies for Developing an Environmental Education Curriculum, to be used as a working document for a series of regional workshops. This publication is a revision of the 1980 document and is intended to provide an update for curriculum developers in environmental education. Patterns and trends in the field of environmental education are discussed, particularly with regard to curriculum development. A major portion of the document, entitled Environmental Education Curriculum and Materials Development, contains sections on: (1) guidelines for designing an environmental education curriculum format; (2) criteria for decision making in environmental curriculum development; (3) benefits derived from using the goals for curriculum development; (4) an instructional model which applies the goals; (5) procedural guidelines and considerations for curriculum development; (6) the preparation of teachers in environmental education; (7) the implementation of environmental education curricula; and (8) comprehensive environmental education curriculum evaluation. The appendices include sample activities based on the stated curriculum development goals and a nine-page bilbiography. Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Research

Hawkins, John, Ed.; Murakami, Colleen, Ed. (1986). Kaua'i: Streams and Estuaries. Designed to help teachers develop students' awareness and understanding of some of Hawaii's endangered aquatic resources, this module contains activities and instructional suggestions for use with intermediate as well as high school students. The module is divided into two sections which explore the streams and estuaries of Kauai. Activities in each section contain a learning objective, material list, procedures, and in most cases discussion questions. Many of the activities provide opportunities for students and teachers to interact directly with the environment. Although the module deals with specific sites on Kauai, the information and activities presented are applicable to comparable sites on any of the other islands. Appendices contain several instructional directives among which are: (1) identification guide to exotic stream fuana; (2) identification and biology of native stream animals; (3) plankton net construction; (4) identification guide to life in Hawaiian estuaries; (5) tables for conversion of specific gravity to salinity and (6) suggested additional activities for estuary field trips.   [More]  Descriptors: Ecology, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education

State Univ., of New York, Plattsburgh. Coll. at Plattsburgh. Center for the Study of Canada. (1984). Canadian Studies for Elementary and Junior High School Teachers. A Syllabus and Resource Guide. Developed to promote greater awareness and understanding of Canada by American students and teachers, this interdisciplinary curriculum guide includes not only social studies, but also activities dealing with mathematics, science, environmental studies, English, art, and music. The book is divided into five modules, each giving a different perspective–geographic, economic, historical, social, and political. Each module is structured around key concepts, skills and attitudes, teacher notes, focus questions, coded activities, and discussion questions. Following each module is a series of relevant maps and illustrations, such as cartoons and graphs, all pertinent readings and a bibliography. All units could be taught independently or incorporated into other courses of study. The ethnic and linguistic diversity of Canada is emphasized throughout the curriculum. Though American-Canadian cooperation is included throughout the units, the uniqueness of Canada is also stressed. Descriptors: Area Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Pluralism, Curriculum Guides

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