Bibliography: Climate Change (page 435 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Sokoni Karanja, Myles Brand, Robin A. Hexter, Lea Hubbard, David Atchoarena, Jason Ziedenberg, Amanda Datnow, Hugh Mehan, William E. Halal, and James B. Kashner.

Hexter, Robin A. (1998). A New Paradigm for Departmental Administrative Reorganization, SRA Journal. Basic science departments at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland) responded to pressure to provide more service with fewer resources by using administrative restructuring to meet the needs of research faculty and a growing research program. A collective approach to restructuring, involving interdepartmental cooperation and collegiality, was adopted. This has fostered a new paradigm in administrative reorganization for basic science departments. Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Change Strategies, College Planning, Collegiality

Kashner, James B. (1990). Changing the Corporate Culture, New Directions for Higher Education. Changing the corporate culture of a college or university is a complex undertaking and a task that must often be accomplished to enable innovations in mission, programs, organizational structure, and ways of conducting institutional affairs. Administrators can use specific techniques to lead intelligently, sensitively, firmly, and collegially.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Role, Change Strategies, College Administration, Collegiality

Alderfer, Clayton P.; Holbrook, John (1973). A New Design for Survey Feedback, Education and Urban Society. Presents a theoretical discussion analyzing and explaining the use of group methods in feeding back diagnostic data to organizations, illustrating a new peer group–intergroup model with a study of senior officers at a bank. Descriptors: Attitude Change, Change Agents, Conflict Resolution, Intergroup Relations

Kozoll, Charles E. (1978). Success and Failure with Organization Development, Training. The author contrasts two experiences (one successful, one unsuccessful) that he, as a consultant, had in implementing organizational development programs in two settings: a federal agency and a community college. Briefly discusses factors for consultants to consider when making decisions about which kinds of organizational development assignments can be accepted. Descriptors: Agencies, Case Studies, Change Agents, Change Strategies

Schiraldi, Vincent; Ziedenberg, Jason (2002). Cellblocks or Classrooms?: The Funding of Higher Education and Corrections and Its Impact on African American Men. The impact of state funding of higher education and corrections on African American men was studied by analyzing the National Association of State Budget Officers' annual state expenditure reports for the 15-year period from 1985 to 2000. To ensure proper scale, all 1985 figures were converted to 2000-year dollars by using the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index inflation calculator. The analysis established that the share of total state and local government spending on higher education has declined as spending on prisons has increased. Between 1985 and 2000, state corrections spending grew at six times the rate of state spending on higher education. Next, trends in African American male enrollments in higher education and estimates of African Americans in prison and jail were compared. The comparison revealed that nearly one-third more African American men are incarcerated than are enrolled in higher education. The following were among the policy actions recommended to help reverse these trends: (1) repeal mandatory sentencing, restore judges' discretion, and place low-risk nonviolent offenders in alternatives to incarceration; (2) reform drug laws to divert offenders from incarceration; (3) restructure sentencing; and (4) reform parole practices. (A bibliography listing 10 references is included along with 35 endnotes.)   [More]  Descriptors: Blacks, Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Correctional Institutions

Datnow, Amanda; Hubbard, Lea; Mehan, Hugh (1998). Educational Reform Implementation: A Co-Constructed Process. Research Report 5. This research report argues for viewing the complex, often messy process of school reform implementation as a "conditional matrix" coupled with qualitative research. As illustration, two studies (of six reform efforts in one county and of implementation of an untracking program in Kentucky) are reported. Preliminary analysis reveals that the reform implementation process is marked by several important considerations: (1) reform efforts in schools do not succeed on simple technical considerations alone, nor in a linear fashion; (2) consequences of actions taken in one context become the conditions for actions taken in other contexts, as part of a complex dynamic shaped by the structural and cultural features of school and society; (3) the implementation process is viewed differently from different perspectives; (4) school culture mediates educators' actions and structural constraints; and (5) school site educators do not respond to design team or government actions passively and automatically. The actions of educators in Kentucky and Florida in the face of state mandates suggest that the way in which power is interpreted must be examined as well as the way in which it is imposed. Contains 39 references.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Role, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Cooperation

Atkinson, Rob (2002). Creating a National Skills Corporation. Policy Report. To address the skills shortages stemming from the transition to a more technological and skills-intensive economy, Congress established a program whereby funds from H-1B visa fees would provide seed funds for private companies, labor, and government to join together in creating training alliances focused on skills in short supply. Unfortunately, the program has failed to live up to expectations. It has therefore been recommended that Congress create a National Skills Corporation (NSC) and fund it in part by transferring the Department of Labor's (DOL's) H-1B training funds to the corporation. Modeled after the Universal Service Administrative Company, which administers universal telephone service funds, the NSC would serve as a nonprofit corporation governed by a board consisting of leaders from business, organized labor, higher education, and government. The NSC's mission and operation could be modeled by the United Kingdom's new Sectoral Skills Development Agency, which is a non-departmental public body designed to fund the new United Kingdom-wide network of employer-led sectoral skills councils. The NSC would make grants to support industry- and/or union-led skills alliances. Alliances would need to provide at least one-to-one matching funds. The corporation would be funded with the funds currently allocated for DOL's H-1B program and additional Congressional allocations.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Agency Cooperation, Cooperative Planning, Delivery Systems

Halal, William E. (1996). The New Management: Democracy and Enterprise Are Transforming Organizations. Some organizational theorists argue that current approaches to management are not going to work in the 21st century. The book explores this modern dilemma and presents two premises underlying the design of organizations capable of responding to an increasingly complex and challenging business and social environment. The first premise is that the hierarchical "command" economy will give way to a disaggregated, "internal market" economy in which many autonomous profit centers produce a self-organizing form of control that operates from the bottom up. The second premise is that these internal markets will operate within a broader management system that is guided by the informed involvement of numerous stakeholders–a governance system defined as "corporate community." The book shows how enterprise and democracy are moving inside of business and government to transform institutions for the Information Age and asserts that only small entrepreneurial teams operating from the bottom up can master the complexity of today's global economy. Gaining stakeholder support is now essential because a knowledge-based economy has made cooperation a competitive advantage. The book draws on hundreds of examples from progressive companies and an international survey of 426 managers. Part 1 redefines the conceptual foundation of modern management to anchor today's institutions in the Information Age. Part 2 seeks to build conceptual linkages across the legal and social contracts connecting the firm to its customers, employers, and ecological community. The third part argues that informed, empowered organizational members operating in systems that allow flexible, efficient responses to market forces are the essential elements of an effective, decentralized, global economy. Eight figures, 18 tables, and an index are included. Appendices contain organizational exercises and a copy of the questionnaire. Descriptors: Capitalism, Decentralization, Economic Change, Economic Climate

Willower, Donald J. (1991). School Reform and Schools as Organizations, Journal of School Leadership. Schools' characteristics obstruct reform because teacher and student norms and values are at variance with one another. Because most reforms gobble teacher time, reduce teacher autonomy, and disturb current routines, they frequently fail. Chances for success will improve when context or reforms directly addressing organizational features are considered. (13 references) Descriptors: Change Strategies, Context Effect, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education

Atchoarena, David; Delluc, Andre (2002). Revisiting Technical and Vocational Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Update on Trends, Innovations and Challenges. New Trends in Technical and Vocational Education. Differences in historical, political, cultural, and economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) account for wide variations in structures, operating conditions, and outcomes in technical and vocational education (TVE). This diversity is associated with glaring disparities, so in examining policy trends and the reconstruction of training systems particular attention is focused on innovations in an effort to identify promising initiatives likely to contribute to the establishment of consistent TVE systems, closely linked with the world of work and involving labor market stakeholders. Some common emerging trends in TVE include the following: (1) a shift in the policy focus from inputs to outputs; (2) the use of new financing and certification mechanisms; (3) the involvement of social partners in governance; greater autonomy for institutions; (4) the promotion of private providers and company-based training; and (5) an increasing interest in the informal sector and skills development for poverty reduction. Issues addressed include these: (1) an overview of TVE systems in 10 SSA countries; (2) reviewing various models currently in place; (3) documenting relationships between African TVE systems and policies and donor intervention and traditions in TVE; (4) identifying reasons why certain reforms are facing implementation difficulties; analyzing specific innovations; (5) drawing lessons on the implementation of the reform agenda and its impact on TVE systems; and (6) discussing possible directions for future donor support. (Includes 167 references.) Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Comparative Education, Cultural Context, Donors

Gose, Ben (1998). Registrars' Group Faces a Financial Free Fall, Chronicle of Higher Education. The organizational transformation process begun several years ago by the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers has resulted in the association's once-solid financial base collapsing, bringing internal tensions about the transformation to the surface. Debate centers on the organization's ability to be a policy leader in higher education and its aggressive effort to be so. Descriptors: Admissions Officers, Change Strategies, College Administration, Financial Problems

Karanja, Ayana; Karanja, Sokoni (1976). Education: For Future Self-Rule, Black Books Bulletin. Notes that the major prerequisite for successful implementation of a model for African educational institutions in America is organization. Descriptors: Afrikaans, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Educational Needs

Duffey, Joseph (1976). The Federal Government and Education: Policy Consideration For a New Administration, Journal of Current Social Issues. Suggests that the government's new administration will have to consider the implications of national education policy in terms of the role of the Federal government in seeking to shape an overall strategy for the economic and social direction for the nation. Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Economic Climate, Economic Factors

Brand, Myles (1992). Undergraduate Education: Seeking the Golden Mean, Educational Record. It is not research and undergraduate teaching that are in conflict, but how we perceive and value those activities and organize our institutions to reflect those attitudes. Remedies include renewing faculty and graduate student commitment to home campuses, appropriate evaluation and rewards for excellence in teaching, and institutional restructuring. Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Change Strategies, College Instruction, Educational Change

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Email this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterPin on Pinterest

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *