Bibliography: Climate Change (page 439 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include William V. Rago, Washington General Accounting Office, Craig Aronoff, Den Winterburn, Paul J. Kozlowski, Janice R. Fauske, New York National Council on Economic Education, D. D. Warrick, Andrew Campbell, and Ronald G. Corwin.

Rago, William V. (1996). Struggles in Transformation: A Study in TQM, Leadership, and Organizational Culture in a Government Agency, Public Administration Review. Describes the efforts undertaken and lessons learned by the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation as it began the transformation of its agency culture in keeping with a total quality management model. Discusses the struggle encountered by the agency in making the personal transformation necessary for the transformation of the agency's culture. Descriptors: Case Studies, Leadership, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate

Aronoff, Craig (1986). Textiles, Tariffs, and Turnarounds: Profits Improved, Enterprise and Education. The U.S. textile industry may serve as a classic study on regeneration through market forces. The industry has recently made a turnaround in profits after having been recognized as an industry that was losing most of its profits to overseas producers. The reasons for the emerging strength of the industry is that it began to innovate after a protectionist measure was vetoed by President Reagan. New production techniques and applications of computers have been developed, inventory and quality controls have been re-evaluated and new arrangements have been developed with labor at the bargaining table and on the shop floor. Marketing efforts have been changed. The industry has been restructured as mills closed or changed hands and companies merged. Emerging from this process were companies with renewed vigor and discipline. Economic lessons to be learned from the recent textile situation are that: (1) industries try to enlist the aid of the federal government to pass inefficiency to the consumer; (2) special interest groups ask for legislation that benefit themselves at the expense of others in society; (3) the political process is not efficient enough to respond quickly to the economic environment; and (4) government may worsen the plight of the industry it is trying to help. Descriptors: Business Cycles, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources. (1993). Department of Education: Long-Standing Management Problems Hamper Reforms. Report to the Secretary of Education. This general management review (one in a series of management reviews of federal departments and agencies) identifies key management issues facing the U.S. Department of Education. This review assesses the management of the department and identifies actions that can be taken to improve organizational performance. Data were derived from 151 in-depth interviews conducted primarily with Education Department senior officials and from document analysis. Findings indicate that the Department lacks a clear management vision, leadership commitment to management, and adequate management systems, and that it needs a cultural transformation. It is recommended that the Secretary of Education articulate a strategic-management vision; adopt a strategic-management process; enhance management leadership and strengthen agency culture; and create strategic visions and plans that are integrated with the Department's overall strategic-management process. Seven figures and nine tables are included. Appendices describe the methodology, the National Education Goals, the Department of Education organization and programs, the increase in Department work load and decrease in resources, and the assessment of human resources.   [More]  Descriptors: Accountability, Administrative Change, Federal Government, Government Employees

Campbell, Andrew; Winterburn, Den (1988). Organisation Development through Management Development: The United Biscuits Example, Management Education and Development. The success of the strategic management program developed by United Biscuits (United Kingdom) for senior managers resulted from (1) tailoring the program to organizational and individual needs; (2) using company-specific material; (3) involving top management; and (4) using a follow-up program. Descriptors: Change Agents, Foreign Countries, Leadership Styles, Management Development

Royer, Donald M. (1985). Is Britain Closing Down?, Indiana Social Studies Quarterly. The economic difficulties of Great Britain in the post World War II world are discussed. Historical and cultural factors are examined. Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Factors

Warrick, D. D. (1981). Managing the Stress of Organizational Development, Training and Development Journal. Emphasizes the importance of recognizing and managing the stress produced by organizational development and encourages practitioners to acknowledge stress management as an important organizational development skill.   [More]  Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Administration, Change Strategies, Management Development

Rowland, Willard D., Jr., Ed. (1980). The Economic, Demographic, and Social Environment, Public Telecommunications Review. Reviews American economic and social trends relevant to the public television system. Implications of these trends are discussed and improvements for future development are suggested.   [More]  Descriptors: Change, Economic Climate, Population Trends, Public Television

Kozlowski, Paul J. (1979). Business Conditions in Michigan Metropolitan Areas. The study culminating in this report analyzed business conditions in eleven Michigan metropolitan areas during a ten-year period from the late 60s to the late 70s. Focus is on the need for an overview of the effects of cyclical swings, but it does not try to identify the causes of variation in performance. Short-run business conditions are analyzed by measuring the behavior of a set of economic indicators covering three major categories: labor market, construction, and banking activity. Part 1 of this two-part study discusses data and methods used to measure local business activity and presents a comparative analysis of behavior in the eleven metropolitan areas. Part 2 presents detailed descriptions of what happened in each area. The eleven sections include brief introductory discussions of the area economic structures and a detailed look at local business conditions, with some data presented via charts. The introduction gives an overview of the national setting at the time of the study.   [More]  Descriptors: Business Cycles, Comparative Analysis, Economic Change, Economic Climate

National Council on Economic Education, New York, NY. (1997). Learning from the Market: Integrating "The Stock Market Game" ™ across the Curriculum. EconomicsAmerica. This book is designed to help teachers connect "The Stock Market Game" ™ and the school curriculum. Three key economic themes developed in the lessons include: (1) stock buyers engage in economizing behavior; (2) market economies encourage the production of wealth; and (3) market activity takes place in the context of a legal environment in which property is protected and people are protected against breach of contract, fraud, and coercion. The 24 lessons are divided into 5 units introducing the stock market, personal investing, how investing affects the economy, taking care of business, and how the economy affects investments. Lesson titles include: (1) "Why Study the Stock Market?"; (2) "What Is a Corporation?"; (3) "What Is a Stock? Or, Who Owns McDonald's?"; (4) "What Are Markets?"; (5) "Showtime on Wall Street"; (6) "How Are Stock Prices Determined?"; (7) "How to Read the Stock Tables"; (8) "How Do You Make or Lose Money in the Stock Market?"; (9) "Getting Fancy: The Bulls, the Bears, and the Pigs!"; (10) "Are Stock Markets Only for the Wealthy?"; (11) "Getting Rich is Child's Play–The News About Compound Interest"; (12) "All Savings Choices Involve Risk: Grandma's Gift"; (13) "Some Risks Are Greater than Others"; (14) "How to Choose a Stock"; (15) "Building a Stock Portfolio"; (16) "Playing Along with the Averages"; (17) "The Market-Go-Round"; (18) "I've Got the Workin' in the Chalk-Mark Factory, Increasing My Productivity Blues"; (19) "How Do Saving and Investing Affect Economic Growth?"; (20) "How Do Businesses Obtain Financing?"; (21) "How to Read an Annual Report"; (22) "Researching a Business"; (23) "Business Cycles and the Stock Market"; and (24) "How Do Domestic and International Events Influence the Buying and Selling of Stocks?" Lessons are classified for beginning, intermediate, and advanced level students. Descriptors: Capitalism, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economics

Ingersoll, Richard (1991). Loosely Coupled Organizations Revisited. The loosely coupled organizational approach is evaluated in this paper. This essay evaluates this line of research by focussing on an analysis of schools, which are usually considered to be the epitome of loosely structured organizations. It is argued that distinguishing the mode and degree of organizational coupling and control depends on where, by what criteria, and how one looks. Although this debunking perspective rejects rational and efficiency models of organization, it unwittingly reproduces many of the latter's assumptions of organizational behavior, which are exemplified by: (1) a near universal concern with instruction and measurement by standardized tests; (2) rational and efficiency-based evaluations; and (3) neglect of the underlying social organization of power. In particular, loose coupling analysts adopt a framework that precludes the discovery of both the degree and forms of organizational control within schools. By reexamining and reinterpreting the existing research on school organization, this paper identifies and illustrates a range of institutional mechanisms that constrain and control the work of teachers: direct, bureaucratic, and unobtrusive. The major drawback of the loose coupling framework is its underemphasis of the social organization and institutional character of organizations. (Contains 117 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate, Organizational Theories

Fauske, Janice R.; Ogawa, Rodney T. (1983). The Succession of a School Principal. Applying theory from organizational and cultural perspectives to succession of principals, this study observes and records the language and culture of a small suburban elementary school. The study's procedures included analyses of shared organizational understandings as well as identification of the principal's influence on the school. Analyses of organizational characteristics revealed that channels for providing constructive criticism on instructional and professional matters were restricted and that the faculty felt a need for communicating with the principal on such matters. In evaluating leadership characteristics, the researchers found that the faculty shared the belief that the principal was nonsupportive and unduly influenced by external forces. Succession characteristics exhibited by the faculty included the belief that the new principal would provide more instructional leadership and that the faculty had little input in the principal selection process. The findings in this case study substantiate previous research findings. The study identified beliefs about school administration that correspond to existing theories on administrative behavior. A three-page list of references is provided.   [More]  Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Leadership Qualities

Corwin, Ronald G. (1972). Strategies of Organizational Survival: The Case of a National Program for Educational Reform, Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. Describes a series of strategies that enabled a nationwide government program, the Teacher Corps, to survive, despite formidable external and internal constraints, and suggests some general patterns that may apply to other cases. Comments by Richard A. Graham and Roland L. Warren. Descriptors: Educational Change, Environment, Group Dynamics, Group Structure

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