Bibliography: Climate Change (page 448 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include James H. Young, Averno M. Rempel, Jean-Claude Castagnos, Claude Echevin, Karsten Schroder, Brian J. Hagan, John McLeod, Ellen W. Sullivan, M. Stephen Mauldin, and Ralph R. Bentley.

Hagan, Brian J.; And Others (1982). The Impact of Economic Stress on Community Mental Health Services, Administration in Mental Health. Warns that community mental health services are threatened by reductions in federal support and increased numbers of clients. Reviews literature on the effect of adverse economic events on mental health. Identifies issues and answers for managing this dilemma including planning, financial diversification, and inter-agency cooperation. Descriptors: Economic Climate, Economic Status, Federal Aid, Financial Support

Schneider, Alison (1997). Empty Tables at the Faculty Club Worry Some Scholars, Chronicle of Higher Education. Many college and university faculty clubs have been scaled back or have been populated by increasingly greater proportions of alumni and other members. Some observers see loss of community and a common meeting ground for scholars. Many younger faculty see the clubs as relics and prefer to use their time for career development. Descriptors: Age Differences, Career Development, College Faculty, Educational Change

Sullivan, Ellen W.; Kironde, E. Wamboi (1976). Circumvention and Cooptation in the Planning of New Schools. This paper concentrates on two strategies, circumvention and cooptation, used by planners and implementers to overcome various obstacles in designing and starting-up innovative schools. The authors show how the special features of a new school's relationship with its environmental setting create the need for these strategies; illustrate through examples from the field certain dynamics at work as the new school carries out these strategies; and offer some practical guidelines that will be useful to planners and implementers of new schools. Of the two kinds of cooptation possible–classic, in which the school seeks suPport in order to neutralize resistance, and collusive, in which the school seeks support in order to get people's strategic aid in circumvention–only collusive is discussed. The four main techniques for getting around rules are concealment and lying, manipulating the letter of the law to your own ends, ignoring directives, and working through people. The rules of thumb in the use of cooptation and circumvention strategies fall into five general categories: distinguishing the organization from the environment, environmental mapping and prediction, visibility minimization, political skill, and purposeful strategizing. Descriptors: Boards of Education, Change Strategies, Educational Innovation, Educational Planning

Castagnos, Jean-Claude; Echevin, Claude (1985). Towards Strategic Practices in Basic Research, Higher Education. The types of managerial problems occurring in large research laboratories are classified, the politics of their management are analyzed, and the forms in which the problems are manifested are discussed. It is concluded that strategic practices are needed for the organizations to function effectively. Descriptors: Business Administration, Educational Change, Higher Education, Organizational Climate

Young, James H.; Chugh, Ram L. (1981). Planned Facilitation of Learning: One Useful Design, College and University. The current atmosphere of decline has caused faculty and administrators to shift their primary efforts from facilitation of learning to debate over survival issues. Colleges must nevertheless educate students and encourage intellectual growth. Potsdam's version of the Academic Program Evaluation Project is described as an example to show that this can be done.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrative Organization, College Environment, College Planning, College Role

Mauldin, M. Stephen (1996). The Unanticipated Effects of an Electronic Performance Support System, Journal of Instruction Delivery Systems. Discusses unanticipated effects of an electronic performance support system (EPSS) on one organization. Topics include EPSS as an innovation; vendor's familiarity with the organizational environment; choice of database and system interface; participation by user groups; information sources; implementation; and recommendations for future research. Descriptors: Computer Interfaces, Databases, Information Sources, Innovation

Metzger, Leila (1987). Barriers Impact U.S. Marketing to the European Community. For a quarter of a century, the United States has been gradually losing market share in the European Community, which accounts for about one-fifth of world trade. The European Community consumes about one-fourth of United States exports, but this represents only about eight percent of its total imports. Three of the barriers contributing to further decline in trade include trade protectionism on both sides of the Atlantic, concerns for cultural sovereignty, and the economic situation created by the recent enlargement of the European Community to include Spain and Portugal. The challenge is for United States marketers to overcome the obstacles and increase exports to this market, and this may be accomplished through awareness and education.   [More]  Descriptors: Business Administration Education, Competition, Culture Conflict, Economic Change

McLeod, John (1994). Issues in the Organisation of Counselling: Learning from NMGC, British Journal of Guidance and Counselling. The history of the National Marriage Guidance Council (Great Britain) from 1948 to 1988 is used as a case study to illustrate some of the basic organizational dilemmas and conflicts experienced in counseling agencies. Discusses three organizational dynamics: social and cultural environment, structure and ideology, and lifespan. Descriptors: Counseling Services, Cultural Influences, Guidance Centers, Higher Education

Alaska Review of Social and Economic Conditions (1987). Alaska's Economy: What's Ahead?. This review describes Alaska's economic boom of the early 1980s, the current recession, and economic projections for the 1990s. Alaska's economy is largely influenced by oil prices, since petroleum revenues make up 80% of the state government's unrestricted general fund revenues. Expansive state spending was responsible for most of Alaska's economic growth in the early 1980s. Plummeting oil prices triggered a recession by late 1985. A medium case scenario, which assumes that oil prices remain stable at about $18 per barrel, projects that the recession will bottom out in mid-1988 and that slow but steady growth will follow. Alaska's population, number of wage and salary jobs, and real personal income rose 30-37% between 1980 and 1985, will probably fall 3-10% between 1985 and 1988, and should rise to slightly better than 1985 levels by 1995, according to medium case projections. Fairbanks and southeast Alaska will have the fastest recovery, while Anchorage and North Slope regions will have the slowest. The report includes economic projections based on best and worst case scenarios; employment projections broken down into (1) construction jobs; (2) trade, finance, and service jobs; (3) mining, manufacturing, transportation, communications, and utilities jobs; and (4) government jobs. Nineteen figures and graphs, and a descriptive list of nine recent publications by the University of Alaska's Institute of Social and Economic Research are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Area Studies, Computer Simulation, Economic Change, Economic Climate

West, Peter; And Others (1988). Creating New Institutions in Australia, Higher Education. The creation of three new institutions in Australia is examined for evidence supporting or refuting theories that new institutions tend to be dominated by academic or administrative interest groups. Descriptors: College Planning, Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Educational Change

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Small Business. (1987). New Perspectives on the Rural Economy. Hearing on New Perspectives on the Rural Economy before the Subcommittee on Rural Economy and Family Farming of the Committee on Small Business. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session. Testimony and prepared statements presented at a hearing before the Senate Subcommittee on Rural Economy and Family Farming focused on the concerns of rural small business. Witnesses included Senators from Montana, Illinois, New York, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa, and nine representatives of business, state government, federal agencies, education, and regional development agencies. Witnesses presented economic facts which described rural America as accounting for 25% of the nation's population, only 20% of United States personal income, more than 40% of the country's elderly, 38% of the nation's poor, 67% of all substandard housing, and unemployment exceeding twice the national average. Witnesses suggested that to revitalize rural America, new jobs in both traditional and new industries are needed. Others indicated that the rural economy no longer means isolated and sparsely populated farm communities, but a collection of many diverse economies, depending not only on traditional farming, fishing, timber, and mining industries, but also new industries like manufacturing, services, and tourism.   [More]  Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Climate, Employment, Futures (of Society)

Horstkotte, Hermann; Schroder, Karsten (1994). The Trade Unions in Germany. Facing New Challenges. IN Visitors' Information Special Report. 2nd Quarter. A study examined the current status and likely future of trade unions in the German Trade Union Federation. The study focused on the following topics: unions as part of a social partnership, unions as partners in self-administration, collective pay policy against unemployment, plant reorganization and its impact on work and wages, the trend toward increasing part-time employment, flexible working hours, company pension schemes and invested wages, the basic problem of long-term unemployment, efforts to avoid a downward spiral in employment and wages, upheaval in Germany's unions, union efforts to gain more members, and union members with foreign passports. The study established that, within a 2-year period, union membership decreased from 11.8 million to 10.3 million. Membership losses were especially high in eastern Germany. The future of the federation as the umbrella organization of Germany's trade unions was being questioned by several branch unions that are seeking more powers at the local level and expressing a desire to integrate with certain other branch unions. Despite the internal problems facing the German unions, their stabilizing function in the economy and society as a whole still remained evident. (A list of the federation's 16 branch trade unions with membership numbers is included.)   [More]  Descriptors: Economic Factors, Economic Impact, Employment Practices, Foreign Countries

Croft, John C. (1969). Organizational Development for Thornlea: A Communication Package and Some Results. Organizational development in education views the school as a social system and is directed toward growth of the school's internal staff relationships so that the school can attain and sustain an optimum level of organizational performance. During a 1-week training session, involving administrative and teaching staff members at an experimental nongraded elementary school, participants were encouraged to view the school as a people-processing and growth-facilitating system. Open interaction among staff participants was stressed for improving the school's organizational performance, especially its internal problem-solving and decision-making capabilities and the creative collaboration of its staff for a product oriented, dynamic learning program.   [More]  Descriptors: Educational Programs, Experimental Schools, Interpersonal Relationship, Organizational Change

Bentley, Ralph R.; Rempel, Averno M. (1967). Changing Teacher Morale: An Experiment in Feedback of Identified Problems of Teachers and Principals. Final Report. This 2-year study attempted to determine whether feedback to teachers and principals about problems and tensions existing in their schools can be effective in changing morale for (1) teachers generally, (2) vocational teachers, (3) and nonvocational teachers. Relationships between teacher morale and such factors as age, sex, teaching experience, level of education, and major field were also examined. Principals and teachers (N=3,070) in 76 randomly chosen Indiana and Oregon high schools comprised the sample for the pretest-posttest control group design. The 10-component Purdue Teacher Opinionaire was used to measure morale. Statistical analysis of data revealed significant group differences. Contrary to expectations, however, all differences favored the control group.  (Noncontrolled use of the feedback may have affected the results.) Patterns for nonvocational teachers followed those of the total group, but vocational teachers responded less favorably on the teacher-load factor and more favorably on the teacher- principal rapport factor. While findings concerning the relationships between personal characteristics and morale confirm the results of earlier studies, the 10-factor breakdown introduces some new dimensions. Included are a 16-item bibliography; 17 statistical tables; 13 comparison graphs; the Purdue Teacher Opinionaire; a sample of feedback profiles; and a list of cooperating schools, principals, and superintendents.   [More]  Descriptors: Attitude Change, Feedback, High Schools, Measurement Instruments

O'Dell, J. H. (1978). On the Transition from Civil Rights to Civil Equality–Part II, Freedomways. The struggle against racism today takes place in the context of severe national economic problems. Civil rights activists must participate in and help all efforts that are addressing these economic problems. The experiences of the sixties can guide these efforts and thus advance the struggle for de facto civil equality.   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Economic Climate, Education

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