Bibliography: Climate Change (page 452 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Washington Department of Labor, John A. Evans, Carol L. McWilliam, Kenneth A. Shaw, Ingvild Marheim Larsen, Jose Veiga Simao, Georges Lienard, Linda Mitchell, Brian Wilson, and Jeffrey D. Liebmann.

Coppedge, Robert O. (1982). To Grow or Not to Grow: Questions about Economic Development. Small Town Strategy. Part of the Small Town Strategy series, this publication is designed to help communities decide whether further local economic growth is possible and desirable. The publication provides a discussion outline to be used to study the costs and benefits of growing or not growing. Questions are listed which should be raised by the community when considering a particular type of development (i.e., industrial, business, agricultural, and recreational development; general population growth; and rising incomes and demands of local residents). The questions, followed by comments, are divided into five areas: identifying local interest, local resources, types of growth, fiscal effects, and economic effects. Some of the questions and comments pertain to community attitudes and goals, economic costs and benefits, natural and human resources, housing availability, transportation, cooperation between the community and neighboring communities, public facilities and services, tax revenues, and community trade. Some questions may require the collection of data.   [More]  Descriptors: Change Strategies, Community Attitudes, Community Benefits, Community Change

Liebmann, Jeffrey D. (1993). A Quality Initiative Postponed, New Directions for Institutional Research. During a time of administrative reorganization at the University of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), the efforts of a team preparing to implement the Total Quality Management approach were suspended. Problems encountered included flaws in organizational structure, insufficient communication, hidden agendas, deteriorating relationships, limited resources, limited commitment and support, and political pressures. Descriptors: Case Studies, Change Strategies, Educational Quality, Higher Education

Joint Economic Committee, Washington, DC. (1985). The Economic Evolution of Rural America. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Agriculture and Transportation of the Joint Economic Committee. Congress of the United States, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (February 11, May 15, 1985). Part 1. Three days of hearings focused on rural America, in general, and on South Dakota (as the most agrarian of all states), in particular, in an attempt to formulate a blueprint for a national agenda on improving the state of rural America. The first day's sessions addressed the outlook for the South Dakota economy. The second day's sessions considered the topic, "Rural Mainstreet: An American Institution," providing evidence that rural America is not participating fully in the current national economic recovery; the rural population is dwindling and aging; rural income is sagging; agricultural and natural resource industries are in recession; and small communities are losing their economic identity. The third day's session discussed the role of rural economic development as the keystone to the revitalization of rural America and ideas for formulating rural development policies and strategies to strengthen the rural economy. Testimony includes statements from witnesses, prepared statements, letters, and supplemental materials from almost 50 individuals representing manufacturers, local governments, United Sioux Tribes, National Federation of Independent Business, and the Chamber of Commerce of the United States.   [More]  Descriptors: Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Change Strategies, Economic Change

Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Office of the American Workplace. (1994). Road to High-Performance Workplaces. A Guide to Better Jobs and Better Business Results. This guide identifies selected workplace practices that individual businesses have used to become high performance work organizations. The guide, which is intended for managers, directors, labor leaders, workers, investors, and other individuals interesting in adopting high performance work practices, lays out the basic steps involved in transforming a business into a high performance work organization. The first section, which outlines the skills and information workers need to perform effectively in high performance organizations, pays special attention to the need for training and continuous learning and information sharing. The importance of employee participation, organizational structure, and worker-management partnerships is examined in the second section. Section 3 focuses on compensation linked to performance and skills, employment security, and a supportive work environment. The importance of integrating all of the high performance work organization mentioned into a coordinated organizational strategy rather than just adopting one or two practices is emphasized. Concluding the guide are a 4-page workplace practices checklist and a 47-item list of selected articles, books, studies reports, and other sources of information about high performance work practices.   [More]  Descriptors: Business Administration, Change Strategies, Check Lists, Employer Employee Relationship

Simao, Jose Veiga (1978). Road to the Future. General Aspects of Brazilian Higher Education and a Brief Comparison with Other Educational Modes. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper. After a brief explanation of the economic and social background of Brazil, its educational system is described and the prospects for higher education there are explored. Like most nations, Brazil's higher education system is unique and adapted to its own needs. Its system bears similarities to both European and American traditions. In the near future, expansion of higher education is presumed to be substantial, and there is concern for providing equal educational opportunity. Increased democratization is expected, and the opening of opportunity is assumed to provoke debate on the structure of Brazilian society, institutional priorities, and governance. However, the university is anticipated to mirror the social strata of Brazil for a long time to come. A brief bibliography is included. Descriptors: Access to Education, Comparative Education, Democracy, Economic Climate

Bourgeois, Etienne; Lienard, Georges (1992). Developing Adult Education in Universities: A Political View, Higher Education Management. Difficulties in the development of adult education programs in research-oriented, elite universities are discussed, focusing on the differences in traditional values and objectives of adult and university education. Organizational conditions at the University of Louvain (Belgium) that have proven conducive to a successful adult education program are identified. Descriptors: Adult Education, Change Strategies, College Administration, College Role

Cameron, Kim S. (1984). Organizational Adaptation and Higher Education, Journal of Higher Education. Organizational adaptation and types of adaptation needed in academe in the future are reviewed and major conceptual approaches to organizational adaptation are presented. The probable environment that institutions will face in the future that will require adaptation is discussed. Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), College Administration, Educational Change, Educational Innovation

Shaw, Kenneth A. (1993). Sunflower Seeds at Syracuse, Educational Record. Syracuse University (New York) has found that the focused, collaborative approach to institutional administration embodied in Total Quality Management is beneficial. It requires allocation of adequate time and resources, observation of others, communication, addressing high-need areas first, and willingness to adapt, but it may bring resistance and heightened expectations. Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Administration, Higher Education, Management Systems

Magner, Denise K. (1995). "Restructuring" Stirs Outcry at James Madison, Chronicle of Higher Education. An administration plan to discontinue the physics major at James Madison University (Virginia) has raised concerns about the president's leadership and management style, and the role of faculty in institutional decision making. Faculty were notified of the plan only after student leaders were told. Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrator Role, Change Strategies, College Administration

Hibbler, Fritz; Mitchell, Linda (1995). Debugging the Conversion Process: Lessons from an Administrative Information System Conversion, Business Officer. The process of reengineering the administrative information system at the University of Idaho required careful planning, development of a set of philosophies, and several strategies for ensuring success. The latter included a humorous symbol (a jitter bug) to express concern, improved institutional communications, and a focus on logistical issues. Problems that arose and lessons learned are discussed here. Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Change Strategies, College Administration, Higher Education

Extension Service (USDA), Washington, DC. (1991). Valuing Differences and Celebrating Diversity. A Report of the Council on Diversity in Extension to the Cooperative Extension System. Meeting Highlights (Washington, D.C., July 11-12, 1991). The Council on Diversity in Extension was created as an advisory council for the Cooperative Extension System. The council's first meeting was devoted to providing feedback on a draft document titled "Pathway to Diversity: The Strategic Plan for the Cooperative Extension System's Emphasis on Diversity." This report of the highlights of that meeting is a combination summary of the council's major conclusions and sampling of relevant quotations and suggestions presented at the meeting. It is divided into three parts. The first part, entitled "The Pathway to Diversity: Commitment and Choices," covers the rationale for diversity, the lack of any quick fixes, personal development and empowerment, management strategies, and the importance of celebrating diversity. The second part, "The Cooperative Extension System Diversity Plan" focuses on dealing with the extension's goal, its "hook," its basic philosophy about diversity, a historical perspective on diversity, and the ways in which people are held accountable. Finally, in "Closing Thoughts," series of seven brief closing pieces of advice concludes the report.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Advisory Committees, Change Strategies, Cultural Pluralism

Wilson, Brian (1992). Studies in the Conceptualisation of a University, Studies in Higher Education. A survey of 78 faculty at the University of Tasmania (Australia) investigated perceptions of the actual and the ideal university and identified discrepancies that are causes for concern about the institution's future. Two issues stood out as concerns: institutional autonomy and democracy within the institution. Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Faculty, Democratic Values, Educational Change

Evans, John A. (1970). The Role of System Analysis in Education Management: A Pragmatic Appraisal and a New Perspective. This paper explores the potential of systems analysis for the educational manager. It contains a review of systems concepts with comments on current and proper practice. An application model of systems analysis in an organizational context is provided to foster rational decisionmaking and increased skill in problem finding and solving. The limitations and the future of systems analysis are also discussed to provide educational managers with balanced perspectives to assist them in organizational renewal. Funds for this research were provided by an ESEA Title III grant.   [More]  Descriptors: Administration, Decision Making, Educational Administration, Educational Change

Larsen, Ingvild Marheim; Gornitzka, Ase (1995). New Management Systems in Norwegian Universities: The Interface Between Reform and Institutional Understanding, European Journal of Education. Implementation and results of government-mandated "results-oriented planning" in Norwegian universities are analyzed using two approaches: the first looks at the effects of the initiative, and the second views the management reforms as cosmetic. It is found that while academic staff are involved in the new planning system, little effect has been seen after two or three years. Descriptors: Accountability, Change Strategies, College Administration, College Planning

McWilliam, Carol L. (1990). Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Colleges: An Interpretive Study of the Piloting of Innovation Centres, Canadian Journal of Higher Education. A study of Ontario (Canada) colleges examined the government fiscal policy, profitability motives, bureaucratic organizational norms, incrementalism, and political and power relationships that impede successful integration of centers of innovation and entrepreneurship into colleges. Other factors not yet researched are discussed.   [More]  Descriptors: Bureaucracy, Change Strategies, Educational Change, Educational Innovation

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