Bibliography: Climate Change (page 457 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Rodney T. Ogawa, Pamela W. Darling, Hendrik D. Gideonse, Laurence C. Chau, Bruce Joyce, Ronald A. Taylor, Laurie Richlin, Richard Kammann, Lester Thurow, and Alan E. Guskin.

Richlin, Laurie (1993). Graduate Education and the U.S. Faculty, New Directions for Teaching and Learning. The narrow research focus that graduate education has taken since World War II has resulted in research-trained Ph.D.s finding that, as they enter the professoriate, their main occupation is teaching undergraduates, for which they are unprepared. A greater emphasis on teaching in graduate schools is encouraged. Descriptors: College Environment, College Faculty, College Instruction, Educational Change

Ylvisaker, Paul N. (1994). Responding to Political, Social, and Ethical Issues, Trusteeship. In responding to political, social, and ethical issues, college trustees have three essential responsibilities: (1) to examine critical trends and influences outside the institution; (2) to translate this knowledge into institutional policy; and (3) to monitor the institution's social, political, and ethical performance through recurrent questioning and discussion. Descriptors: College Environment, College Role, Ethics, Governance

Graves, Philip E.; And Others (1996). Slope versus Elasticity and the Burden of Taxation, Journal of Economic Education. Criticizes the standard presentation, in introductory economics, of the burden of a tax as an application of elasticity. Argues that using the slopes of a supply and demand curve is the simplest and easiest way to clarify tax incidence. Includes three graphs illustrating this approach. Descriptors: Business Cycles, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Factors

Weiler, Hans N. (1978). Towards a Political Economy of Educational Planning, Prospects: Quarterly Review of Education. Examines the role of planning in the process of legitimating educational policy decisions. Review of the history of educational planning indicates how closely its origins and development have been linked with considerations of economic development. Suggests that planners probe further into the political economy of education as a basis for a critical theory of educational planning. Descriptors: Comparative Education, Economic Climate, Educational Change, Educational Planning

Taylor, Ronald A. (1996). Drop in Black Engineering Enrollments Confounds Experts, Black Issues in Higher Education. Reasons for declining engineering enrollments, particularly among black, Hispanic, and women students, are not fully understood but may be attributable to low student motivation, poor college preparation, reduction in job opportunities due to corporate downsizing, and decreases in available financial aid. Implications of this trend for overall economic growth are seen as serious. Descriptors: Bachelors Degrees, Black Students, College Students, Economic Change

Gideonse, Hendrik D. (1980). Improving the Federal Administration of Education Programs, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. The distinctive circumstances, requirements, and attitudes of the federal bureaucracy are contrasted with the culture of other elements of American society and disadvantages of this cultural conflict are discussed. Suggestions are made for policies that might result in more effective and more generally acceptable government programs. Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrative Principles, Administrative Problems, Bureaucracy

Guskin, Alan E. (1996). Soft Landings for New Leaders, Trusteeship. Transition from one president to another is a complex undertaking that colleges and universities often handle badly, abdicating responsibility for preparing the new administrator. Governing boards should plan a brief leadership transition period beginning with the previous president's announcement of intention to leave, allow the institution to acknowledge its loss, and set the stage for healthy, productive new relationships. Descriptors: Administrator Role, Board Administrator Relationship, College Presidents, Governance

Kammann, Richard (1972). Board and Superintendent: Building the Effective Team. In this speech, the process problems facing school boards are examined, and techniques for overcoming these problems are suggested. According to the authors, a school board is a collection of diverse individuals characterized by (1) a lack of criteria to define excellence, (2) a lack of specific goals to focus its work on, (3) a lack of broad policies to define its stance on critical issues, (4) little or no knowledge of employee motivation, (5) ineffective board committees, (6) mutual distrust, (7) time wasting inefficiency, and (8) a lack of properly trained people for the job. To remedy these problems, the author proposes the implementation of organizational development principles. As an alternative, he suggests that traditional boards be replaced by professional boards appointed by State departments of education.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Board Administrator Relationship, Boards of Education, Decision Making

Chesler, Mark; And Others (1979). Organizational Context of School Discipline: Analytic Models and Policy Options, Education and Urban Society. Discipline policy is discussed as a reflection of broader concepts of education. Alternatives presented include: retraining administrators in organizational management and leadership; increasing student participation in policymaking; building supportive relationships within the school; culturally pluralizing school policies; and making disciplinary policies and accountability apply to both faculty and students. Descriptors: Administrator Role, Change Strategies, Discipline Policy, Elementary Secondary Education

Ogawa, Rodney T. (1994). The Institutional Sources of Educational Reform: The Case of School-Based Management, American Educational Research Journal. Drawing on concepts from an institutional theory of organizations, this study describes policy, teacher union, and academic actors who shaped and promoted school-based management in the national arena, their interests, and the network that linked them. School-based management was at least partially the product of institutional environment. Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Policy

Chau, Laurence C. (1970). An Econometric Model for Forecasting Income and Employment in Hawaii. This report presents the methodology for short-run forecasting of personal income and employment in Hawaii. The econometric model developed in the study is used to make actual forecasts through 1973 of income and employment, with major components forecasted separately. Several sets of forecasts are made, under different assumptions on external conditions, demonstrating the model's value in comparing the effects of different government policies. Sample forecasts for the 1966-68 period which were made as a test of the model's predictive powers show that the model is quite accurate, especially in projecting employment.   [More]  Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development, Economic Factors

Thurow, Lester (1976). Not Making it in America: The Economic Progress of Minority Groups, Social Policy. Notes that while unemployment rates indicate that minorities and women continue to suffer from a higher probability of being unemployed, the current recession some what surprisingly hit the earnings of year-round, full-time white male workers the hardest. Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Opportunities, Economic Progress

Darling, Pamela W. (1981). Will Anything Be Left? New Responses to the Preservation Challenge, Wilson Library Bulletin. Discusses problems created by the deterioration of both book and nonbook library materials made of chemically unstable materials. Explores current trends in preservation, including environmental control, new standards for more durable papers, and professional training in techniques and procedures for retarding deterioration. Six references are listed. Descriptors: Change, Climate Control, Futures (of Society), Library Automation

Clymer, E. William (1984). The Project-Oriented Matrix and Instructional Development Project Management, Journal of Instructional Development. Describes organizational factors that influence most instructional development projects, relates them to the features of the project-oriented matrix, and lists and explains specific matrix management strategies that instructional developers can use to solve common management problems. Descriptors: Change Strategies, Charts, Educational Administration, Instructional Development

Joyce, Bruce (1982). Organizational Homeostasis and Innovation: Tightening the Loose Couplings, Education and Urban Society. Examines processes that maintain stability in educational organizations and the reaction of those stabilizing forces to educational innovations. Suggests that the success of innovations for school improvement depends on the development of (1) instruction-related executive functions; (2) collegial teaching units; (3) continuous staff development; and (4) continuous community involvement. Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Community Involvement, Curriculum Development, Educational Change

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