Bibliography: Climate Change (page 461 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Alexander M. Cuthbert, Karen Pyle Foster, Sidney L. Faucette, Rodney T. Ogawa, Annelise Anderson, Thomas A. Gaylord, Richard W. Rathge, Irving H. Siegel, Earl J. Ogletree, and Washington General Accounting Office.

Davis, Robert H.; And Others (1982). The Impact of Organizational and Innovator Variables on Instructional Innovation in Higher Education, Journal of Higher Education. One potential factor contributing to increased productivity in higher education is the implementation of instructional innovations. A model of the innovation process was tested. Results suggest that formal organizational mechanisms for facilitating the discovery and implementation of innovations are as important to the process as faculty motivation and behavior.   [More]  Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Administration, College Faculty, College Instruction

Faucette, Sidney L. (1994). New Leaders at Work: Building Coalitions and Creating Community. This paper reports on the restructuring efforts and activities undertaken in Virginia Beach from 1991 to 1994. The district has begun a massive effort to downsize, reorganize, and restructure the organization to focus on shared decision making and student performance. A special effort has been made to build coalitions among employees, with the school board, and with community groups. The district has also worked toward creating a new school culture, which entails the following elements: having a common sense of purpose; taking responsibility for achieving the vision; creating culture through events; and implementing systemwide staff development. Other district initiatives include the development of high, clearly defined expectations for student conduct, the creation of a Literacy Center, and administration of an annual Parent Perception Survey.   [More]  Descriptors: Board Administrator Relationship, Community Cooperation, Community Relations, Educational Cooperation

Ogletree, Earl J.; Schmidt, Linda J. (1992). Faculty Involvement in Administration of Schools, Illinois Schools Journal. Contrasts the faculty-led administration of the Waldorf Schools founded by R. Steiner with the administration by local school councils established in the Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools through the School Reform Act. In Chicago, morale and status of teachers can be improved by increasing their administrative partnership. Descriptors: Collegiality, Cooperatives, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education

Feins, Judith D. (1976). Managing Chicago's Urban Dollar. This booklet is based on a series of discussions and a colloquium held in response to Chicago's need to establish new priorities for society's capitalization and social service needs, which are increasingly in conflict; the public's decreasing confidence in the political, labor, and business leadership of the city; and the inadequate communication among the city's financial leaders, government, and special interest groups. The objectives of the discussions were to report on Chicago's fiscal and economic strengths and weaknesses; to increase public awareness and understanding of how the fiscal environment affects jobs, communities, and the quality of life, and to explore the mutual stake a variety of people and organizations have in Chicago's future. After presenting some background information on Chicago's fiscal situation, the booklet explores three policy issue areas: the South Loop New Town, the Economic Development Commission of the City of Chicago, and the allocation of Community Development Block Grant Funds. Descriptors: Community Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development, Economic Factors

Foster, Karen Pyle; And Others (1988). The Effects of Alaska's Economic Recession on Anchorage Households, Alaska Review of Social and Economic Conditions. This publication is based on two surveys of the same Anchorage, Alaska households taken in June and November 1987 to study the effects of a strong recession of the previous two years. Different kinds of households were queried about household incomes, housing status, members' occupations, moving plans, and expectations about the financial future. Results showed that close to 13% of the households had left Anchorage in the interim months. Those who left were more likely to be young renters, out of work, in the military or to have lived in Anchorage relatively few years. Nearly half of single-family homeowners had paid more than their homes were worth at the time of the survey and many condominium owners owed more than their properties were worth. Half the renters surveyed said they were considering buying homes in Anchorage. More than 65% of renters had moved into Anchorage within the previous 18 months. Only 7% of homeowners had plans to move within the city in the coming year. Longtime residents and people who came to Anchorage during the boom years of the early '80s were among those hardest hit by the recession. Many were affected by the real estate slide. New arrivals were the clear winners. Most came with jobs, housing was cheap, and they were optimistic about their financial futures. Anchorage residents generally became more optimistic about the economy between June and November. The document includes tables, charts, endnotes, and a list of other Institute of Social and Economic Research publications.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Study, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Factors

Mahony, David (1992). Establishing the University as the Sole Provider of Higher Education: The Australian Experience, Studies in Higher Education. This paper examines the background and implementation of the recent Australian decision to move from a binary to a unitary system of higher education based upon the universities and how the federal government's economic and efficiency goals for higher education greatly accelerated the demise of the dual structure. Descriptors: Colleges, Economic Climate, Educational Change, Educational Policy

Flora, Jan L.; And Others (1985). The Farm Crisis and Decatur County. This case study assesses the impact of the farm sector on the economy and social organization of Decatur County (Kansas), a county which has historically depended on agriculture for its livelihood. Data were obtained from analysis of time series statistical indicators for the period between 1966 and 1984, questionnaire responses of local businesspersons, and interviews with community leaders. Findings indicate: (1) the long-term trend toward larger farms and the decline in number of farms and farmers have resulted in a steady decline in number of retail establishments since 1948; (2) employment in the service sector has grown steadily since 1940; (3) Decatur County has held its older population because of its excellent medical facilities; (4) county elevators were temporarily positively affected because of over production and low grain prices; (5) non-agricultural businesses not negatively affected by the farm crisis are the hospital, the nursing homes, drug stores, and food stores; (6) firms negatively affected include automobile dealers, hardware/appliance stores, and furniture stores; and (7) encouraged by their bankers, county agricultural extension agent, and suppliers, farmers have adopted survival strategies which include reducing machinery purchases, cutting operating expenses, participating in farm programs, taking out multi-peril insurance, and using sound accounting and borrowing practices. Twenty-five data tables are appended.   [More]  Descriptors: Agriculture, Case Studies, Community Change, Economic Climate

Fauske, Janice R.; Ogawa, Rodney T. (1985). How a Faculty Made Sense of the Impending Succession of Its Principal. Revised. This study sought to describe how an elementary school faculty made sense of the impending succession of its principal, and to extend Gephart's effort to develop a grounded theory of leader succession by examining an unforced succession in an organization whose members exerted little if any influence on the selection process. On the basis of interview and observational data, four prevailing norms were identified: a strong sense of order, the instructional isolation of teachers, the lack of personal contact and support for teachers, and the importance of expectations. Findings confirmed Gephart's thesis that the faculty degraded the status of its departing principal, but this status degradation was based on an interaction of professional and organizational norms rather than solely on organizational norms. The conclusion suggests that Gephart's theory of succession would have to be adjusted to accommodate the influence of sources of norms external to the organization. References are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Characteristics, Case Studies, Elementary Schools

Rathge, Richard W.; And Others (1986). Financial Strain among Farmers and Its Influence on Their Geographic Mobility. Data from a random sample of North Dakota full-time farm operators were used to determine the influence of farmers' financial circumstances on their geographic mobility intentions. Telephone interviews in the spring of 1985 obtained 933 useable questionnaires for a response rate of 77%. The study explored the magnitude of financial strain faced by North Dakota farmers, the relationship between farmers' economic stress and their perceived ability to remain in farming, and farmers' mobility intentions in the context of their financial situation. Mobility was defined to encompass both migration and commuting, and mobility intentions were determined by responses to a question which asked farm operators where they would look for jobs if they were to quit farming. Discriminant analysis was used to explore how effective various measures of financial strain and characteristics of the farm operators were in distinguishing mobility intentions. No significant relationship was found between financial strain and mobility intentions among farmers. The variables which best distinguished between farmers' mobility intentions were residential size and years of residence in community. Cultural, ethnic, and family background considerations may be key variables to investigate in order to better understand the relationship between financial strain and geographic mobility.   [More]  Descriptors: Career Change, Community Satisfaction, Cultural Influences, Dislocated Workers

Siegel, Irving H. (1981). Fuller Employment with Less Inflation. This series of 10 essays, written at various times since the mid-1960s, explores the U.S. economy's proneness to both high inflation and high unemployment during this period. The essays present ideas that the author believes could have reined in price increases in the early stages, and that presently could speed the reduction of inflation and reduce the pain of its accompanying unemployment. The first chapter sets the tone for the book with a brief description of the origin and development of the inflation-unemployment syndrome in light of the provisions of the Employment Act of 1946 and its 1978 amendments, the Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act. It also considers the spectrum of authoritative prescriptions for disinflation of the economy. A major theme of the essays is the desirability of complementing the standard fiscal and monetary approaches toward counterinflation with a special supply-side tax or income policy that gives workers an incentive to forego pay increases exeeding the prospective national rate of productivity advance. The second recurring theme is the improvement of statistics for use in the wage-price monitoring, another round of which should not be ruled out, according to the author, despite disappointing past experience. In this context, designs are offered for statistical systems in which hourly earnings, unit labor cost, productivity, and prices are treated symmetrically; and in which, alternatively, aggregates such as payrolls (or total factor income) and real output suffice and productivity estimates are not needed.    [More]  Descriptors: Business Cycles, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development

Helms, Lelia B. (1981). Policy Analysis in Education: The Case for Incrementalism, Executive Review. Policy analysts approach problems of decision-making from two distinct perspectives: rational-comprehensive and incremental. This paper examines the theory behind both perspectives and argues that incrementalism may be a more appropriate strategy for applied decision-making in education. In considering the appropriateness of applying incrementalism to a specific situation, the following environmental characteristics must be assessed: threshold on critical mass effects, structural decomposability, sleeper effects, and the issue attention cycle. In addition, the organizational characteristics of redundancy of resources, distribution of power, and maturity of the organization must be evaluated. Educational organizations are precluded from disruptive shifts in policy and thus are characterized by an incremental, additive approach to policy. Rationalization of educational policy in the United States is made difficult by the decentralized character of the system, the jealously guarded prerogative of local control, the predominance of short-term issues, and sudden swings in public demands. All of these conditions seem to call for incrementalism. Other characteristics showing a predisposition for incrementalism are abundance of resources (found in the redundancy in organization at the local and state levels), the availability of a bargaining arena, and organizational maturity.   [More]  Descriptors: Centralization, Decentralization, Decision Making, Educational Policy

Gaylord, Thomas A.; And Others (). System and Campus Level Enrollment Projections and Environmental Scan, 1988-1998. Alaska's first long-range, system-wide enrollment projection study since the inception of the higher education system's restructuring plan is reported. The study was undertaken in response to statewide economic distress, a decline in state funding of higher education, and a pattern of out-migration by the college-age population, particularly in urban areas. It was intended to develop a time-series/causal model for credit-hour and headcount enrollment projections at the campus, institution, and system levels to better predict University of Alaska facilities construction needs and to aid in statewide master planning, academic program planning, institution accreditation, budgeting, and estimation of tuition revenues. The report begins by describing three categories of forecasting technique (judgmental, time-series, and causal) and outlines the advantages and disadvantages of each. It then describes the problem on which the study focuses, outlines its methodology, and presents the results and conclusions. The greater part of the report is devoted to graphs and charts representing the enrollment projections and environmental scan for the system as a whole and for each state institution. Appended materials include Alaska population estimates and tables of environmental scan data by census and campus service area. References and data sources are also provided.   [More]  Descriptors: College Planning, Demography, Economic Change, Economic Climate

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div. (1988). Senior Executive Service. Executives' Perspectives on Their Federal Service. Fact Sheet for the Honorable Vic Fazio, House of Representatives. The General Accounting Office (GAO) surveyed current Senior Executive Service (SES) (highly placed government civil service) employees to obtain their views regarding their federal employment, including career plans, characteristics, and opinions. The results of the survey were obtained from 348 usable responses from a sample of 430 SES members selected randomly from 6,180 total career SES members. The survey showed that responding SES members were quite satisfied with some aspects of their jobs, such as personal fulfillment; the match between their jobs and their aptitudes, interests, and expectations; and the people with whom they worked. At the same time, however, the respondents expressed a high degree of dissatisfaction with the public's negative opinions of federal workers and various compensation-related issues. The survey showed that many respondents are interested in leaving SES. About 24 percent had sought, or planned to seek within the coming year, full-time employment outside the federal government. Half said they would accept an outside position if one were offered. About half of the respondents will be eligible for retirement in the next five years, and most intend to retire at that time or earlier if given the option. (The survey instrument is appended.)   [More]  Descriptors: Administrators, Adults, Career Change, Employee Attitudes

Anderson, Annelise; And Others (1985). Presidential Initiative for the Second Term. Report of the Committee on the Next Agenda. Based on the Committee on the Next Agenda's analysis of four major aspects of public policy, recommended presidential initiatives for President Reagan's second term in office are outlined. Biographic information about Committee members and a summary of initiatives preface the report. Section 1 examines initiatives related to the role of government in a free society. Section II "Domestic and International Economic Policy," presents short-and long-range economic policy objectives for 1981 and 1985. The third section, "U.S. Foreign Policy and National Security," presents constraints to a coherent foreign policy (including friction between the Congress and executive branch and reforms within the executive branch), and maintenance of national security via President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Suggestions for cost-effective defense are followed by discussion of regional issues such as U.S. involvement in Central America, U.S. security interests, and achievement of U.S. objectives. Recommended ways of maintaining the diplomatic initiative precede the final section which examines the need for a new social contract. Topics in this section include information on the legal system, government and ethics, poverty and welfare dependency, education and American culture, health care delivery, the work force, and immigration. Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Economic Climate, Economic Development, Federal Government

Cuthbert, Alexander M. (1985). A Case Study of Policy-Induced Staff Development in a Local School District. Educational policy research has yet to account for the movement and manifestations of federal and state policies in local school districts. In an effort to describe and explain major consequences of policy, this study examines the policy ingression process (the movement of policy in the form of statute and regulation from the district superintendent's desk to the teachers' classrooms). Using a case study approach, the path of policy is backward mapped from staff development activities undertaken in response to specific policy initiatives. This process reveals how policy flows, becomes manifest, and ultimately influences classroom practices. Two pages of references are included. Descriptors: Diffusion (Communication), Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Government School Relationship

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