Bibliography: Climate Change (page 470 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Karel Tavernier, Patricia Cloud Duttweiler, Stephen J. Fitzsimmons, Folke Dovring, Burt S. Barnow, Sue E. Mutchler, David E. Lorey, Peter H. Lindert, Christopher T. King, and Abby J. Freedman.

Lorey, David E. (1992). Universities, Public Policy and Economic Development in Latin America: The Cases of Mexico and Venezuela, Higher Education. Since establishment of national university systems in Mexico and Venezuela, three principal demands have dominated policy formation: government ideological demand; economic demand for expertise; and political and social demand for upward mobility through education. Tensions between these demands have stemmed from economic inability to sustain upward mobility. Descriptors: College Role, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Economic Climate

Barnow, Burt S., Ed.; King, Christopher T., Ed. (2000). Improving the Odds: Increasing the Effectiveness of Publicly Funded Training. This book, which is intended for policymakers, administrators, and researchers, contains 13 research papers and reviews of the literature on increasing the effectiveness of publicly funded training. The following papers are included: "Publicly Funded Training in a Changing Labor Market" (Burt S. Barnow, Christopher T. King); "The Economic, Demographic, and Social Context of Future Employment and Training Programs" (Frank Bennici, Steven Mangum, Andrew M. Sum); "Welfare Employment Programs: Impacts and Cost-Effectiveness of Employment and Training Activities" (Lisa Plimpton, Demetra Smith Nightingale); "The Impact of Job Training Partnership Act Programs for Adult Welfare Recipients" (Jodi Nudelman); "Training Success Stories for Adults and Out-of-School Youth: A Tale of Two States" (Christopher T. King, Jerome A. Olson, Leslie O. Lawson, Charles E. Trott, John Baj); "Employment and Training Programs for Out-of-School Youth: Past Effects and Lessons for the Future" (Robert L. Lerman); "Customized Training for Employers: Training People for Jobs That Exist and Employers Who Want To Hire Them" (Kellie Isbell, John Trutko, Burt S. Barnow); "Training Programs for Dislocated Workers" (Duane E. Leigh); "Methodologies for Determining the Effectiveness of Training Programs" (Daniel Friedlander, David H. Greenberg, Philip K. Robins); "Reflections on Training Policies and Programs" (Garth L. Mangum); and "Strategies for Improving the Odds" (Burt S. Barnow, Christopher T. King). Seventy tables/figures/exhibits are included. Many papers include substantial bibliographies. Descriptors: Adult Education, Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged, Dislocated Workers

Duttweiler, Patricia Cloud; Mutchler, Sue E. (1990). Weaving a New Paradigm: Steps to Organizing for Excellence. The U.S. public education system, encumbered by an organizational structure developed at the turn of the century, is in trouble. This document presents a culminating discussion of the need to restructure the educational system. A strategy is suggested for examining the paradigms that maintain our educational system. A set of questions is provided for districts and schools to consider when redesigning the organizational structure. New methods are suggested that involve the whole community in defining and improving the system to ensure greater student success. Section 1 is a philosophical framework that reviews previous publications; considers the cultural misalignment between the community, the home, and the school; examines the failure of past reforms; and discusses shifts in the paradigms that shape the organizational structure of schools. Section 2 presents the practical application of the process and also contains an illustration of a new decision-making paradigm in action with examples from a gorup of Texas educators. The workbook included at the end of this section suggests one possible strategy for changing the system based on community beliefs and values. The appendixes include information about participating Texas educators and districts as well as a compilation of statements of belief about improving educational practice. Approximately 80 references are cited.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrator Role, Beliefs, Change Strategies

Lindert, Peter H.; Williamson, Jeffrey G. (1976). Three Centuries of American Inequality. Income inequality in the United States displays considerable variance since the seventeenth century. There is no eternal constancy to the degree of inequality in total income, in labor earnings, or in income from conventional nonhuman wealth either before or after the effects of government taxes and spending. When all the necessary adjustments to the raw data are made, it appears income and wealth were more evenly distributed just before the Korean War than in 1929. Income inequality has shown little trend since Korea. The entire history of inequality also points to the fact that inequality movements are not the result of mere movements among demographic groups, but follow trends in the basic occupational pay gaps as well as in the level and dispersion in profit rates and rents.  This essay surveys the detailed evidence that reveals these broad patterns. It specifically seeks to clarify American inequality history. The following outline of topics is followed: growth now–equality later; measuring inequality; postwar stability; the levelling era of 1929-1951; the uneven plateau of 1860-1929 (inequality evidence); the uneven plateau of 1860-1929 (pay ratios and factor shares); wealth inequality trends before the Civil War; the antebellum surge in wage inequality; and the agenda for the study of inequality and economic growth based on this survey of American distribution experience.   [More]  Descriptors: American History, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Development

Tavernier, Karel (1991). Strategic Evaluation in University Management, Higher Education Management. Improved evaluation of higher education teaching and research is urged, citing need for quantitative and qualitative indicators of an institution's strategic capacity to adapt to external demands and for closer links between evaluation and institutional goals. Industry's strategic management methods and difficulties of evaluation in different organizations are assessed. Descriptors: College Administration, College Faculty, College Outcomes Assessment, College Planning

Fitzsimmons, Stephen J.; Freedman, Abby J. (1981). Rural Community Development: A Program, Policy, and Research Model. The study documents what happened in 10 rural communities when a federal educational funding program (Experimental Schools) in 1972 provided 5-year grants for demonstration projects designed both to improve the school system and, through the schools, to address a variety of community needs. The study employs two strategies to document the ways in which a community's characteristics both influence and are influenced by rural development programs. First, it examines how various community characteristics enhanced or constrained the planning, development, and implementation of these programs and the ultimate effects of the programs upon both schools and communities. Second, it explores three concepts concerning the nature of rural communities: the existence of unique prototypes of rural communities; the nature of an underlying social system operating in many rural communities; and the role of various sectors of the community as these contribute to the development process (including local government, housing, the economic base, employment, social services, health, and family life). A sophisticated model developed to guide the research synthesizes theories and methods from social science theory, rural development policy, program evaluation, and operations research. Findings offer implications for educational investment programs, rural development policy, and social research and theory. Descriptors: Case Studies, Change Strategies, Community Attitudes, Community Change

Dovring, Folke (1969). Land Reform and Productivity: The Mexican Case. Analysis of Census Data. The report covers an investigation of the productivity of land, labor, and capital in Mexican agriculture as a means of clarifying the role played by land-reform, and more specifically its main outcome–the institution of the ejido–in the recent rapid rise of agricultural output in Mexico. The ejido is a form of communal property, although only a small minority of ejidos practice collective farming. Most of the data used in this analysis are derived from the three agricultural censuses of 1940, 1950, and 1960. The author probes the relationship of land-reform and agricultural productivity concluding that social gains stemming from land-reform are not made at the expense of economic progress. Descriptors: Agriculture, Agronomy, Census Figures, Collective Settlements

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