Bibliography: Climate Change (page 472 of 472)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Philadelphia National Center on Adult Literacy, John Twining, Michele Russell, Ronald Duhamel, Jane Knight, Ward W. Keesecker, Terry G. Geske, Marvin Feldman, Waris Shere, and Winnipeg. Curriculum Development Branch. Manitoba Dept. of Education.

Geske, Terry G. (1983). The Big Squeeze on Tax Revenues for the Public Schools: The Midwest in the 1980s. Potential revenue prospects for the public schools in the Midwest basically depend on the future outlook for the midwestern economy as a whole. Accordingly, a comprehensive analysis is undertaken of the midwestern economy and tax base, and then of trends in educational spending. Topics include: (1) economic growth and taxation systems; (2) demographic and economic trends; (3) federal, state, and local revenue systems; and (4) state education systems in the Midwest, in general and state by state. The latter includes analysis of declining public school enrollments, shifting sources of school revenues, school expenditures, and finance reform. The study concludes that policy-makers in the Midwest will continue to be confronted with difficult decisions regarding trade offs between cutting public services and increasing taxes. Furthermore, revenue-limiting provisions may make it difficult for states to raise sufficient public service revenues. Accordingly, states are likely to place greater pressure on local governments to increase their share of school financing. A 5-page bibliography concludes the study.   [More]  Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Research, Educational Economics

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Curriculum Development Branch. (1984). Social Studies. Grade Ten. Interim Guide. This social studies curriculum guide for grade 10 in Manitoba, Canada, examines the characteristics of the physical and social environments of North America and analyzes the interrelationships among them. The primary focus is on Canada and the United States with a secondary focus on Central America. The study has been divided into the following units and themes: Unit I, "Overview of North America" (regionalization of North America); Unit II, "The Agricultural Interior"; Unit III, "The North" (resource development and management); Unit IV, "Western Cordillera" (impact of topography); Unit V, "Atlantic Canada and Appalachia" (regional economic differences); Unit VI, "The Industrial Heartland and the Megalopolis" (industrialization and urbanization); Unit VII, "The American South" (the changing culture and economy of the South); and Unit VIII, "Canadian, Continental, and World Issues," (Central American and Canadian issues with a continental or world scope). Each unit begins with an overview of its main theme. Major topics within each theme are then outlined. Objectives, teaching strategies, learning activities, and discussion questions are provided for each topic. The appendix contains excerpts from the social studies K-12 interim guide. Descriptors: Agriculture, Curriculum Guides, Economic Climate, Educational Objectives

Feldman, Marvin (1981). Work, Employment, and the New Economics. Occasional Paper No. 70. We are witnessing an historic shift in our approach to employment policy that will have profound implications for vocational educators. This shift is most recognizable in the waning influence of demand-side economics and the ascendence of supply-side economics. Recent indications are that public policy is no longer firmly committed to maintaining full employment. The principles of Keynesian or demand-side economics (which assert an inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation) no longer seem valid in light of recent economic and political developments. Demand-side policies were built on the idea that the American economy was mature and has used its capacity for growth. In reality, America is on the edge of a technological revolution. Nevertheless, despite an abundance of work that needs doing, a shortage of jobs exists. Thus the need for entrepreneurship training is greater than ever. Recent studies and interest in small business seminars affirm this need. Studies on entrepreneurship education and its effectiveness are needed. In addition, the terms of employment must be redefined. (A series of questions and answers follows the text.)   [More]  Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Business Education, Economic Change, Economic Climate

Twining, John (1993). Vocational Education and Training in the United Kingdom. This monograph examines vocational education and training (VET) in the United Kingdom. Section 1 outlines the UK's political and administrative structure, population and employment, and economy. The following are among the aspects of the UK's VET system discussed in section 2: evolution of the system; organization of education and training (the education departments, higher education, schools and further education, government responsibility for VET, industrial sectors, localization, research, Northern Ireland, and responsible authorities); vocational qualifications (targets, the National Vocational Qualifications/Scottish Vocational Qualifications framework, accreditation, lead bodies, and awarding bodies); education and initial VET (secondary education, the Technical and Vocational Education Initiative, compacts, careers guidance, youth training, postschool education, training credits, and vocationally oriented higher education); and continuing VET (employment training, continuous professional development, enterprise training, open/flexible learning, in-company training, guidance for adults, and training for trainers). Section 3 explains regulatory and financial arrangements regarding VET, and section 4 analyzes the Europeanization of VET and trends in VET systems in the UK. Appended are a glossary and lists of acronyms/abbreviations, major organizations providing or regulating VET in the UK, and 11 publications. Thirty-six tables/figures are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Adult Education, Career Guidance, Continuing Education

Keesecker, Ward W. (1933). Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1930-1932. Bulletin, 1933, No. 2. Chapter VII: A Review of Educational Legislation, 1931 and 1932, Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior. This bulletin provides the seventh chapter of the Biennial Survey of Education, 1930-32, which has been published in separate chapters dealing with specific segments of the educational system. The purpose of this publication is to make available information on educational legislation enacted during 1931 and 1932. Probably in no previous biennium have there been more legislative sessions among the American commonwealths. During this period every State had a regular legislative session, and the governors of approximately three-fourths of the States called their respective legislatures into special session to wrestle with the serious problems growing out of the economic depression. Legislative activity relating to education during this period attained unusual prominence. Every State legislature was confronted with the vital and difficult problem of securing adequate educational facilities in the face of diminishing public revenue. The task of analyzing and reviewing legislation enacted during this unusual period present unusual difficulties. Numerous enactments affecting education are found to be considerably involved and include many implications which have been perplexing even to school authorities within the respective States. Owing to the necessity for brevity and the multiplicity of enactments relating to education, only these certain phases or subjects are here reviewed: (1) State administrative organization; (2) State school support; (3) Local school administration; (4) Efficiency in the business management of schools, budgets, etc.; (5) Teachers; (6) Teacher institutes; (7) School attendance; (8) High schools; (9) Tuition and transportation; (10) Textbooks; (11) Curriculum; (12) School health and safety; (13) Kindergartens; (14) Adult and vocational education; (15) Handicapped and dependent children; and (16) Educational surveys. An index is included. (Contains 5 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]   [More]  Descriptors: National Surveys, Educational History, School Law, Educational Legislation

National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA. (1995). Adult Literacy: The Next Generation. An NCAL White Paper. During the past 5 years, groundbreaking studies of adult literacy and literacy education have been conducted that can help policymakers and practitioners shape the next generation of adult literacy work in the United States. Among the topics examined in those studies were the following: relationship between literacy and economic well-being; literacy instruction and measurement; workplace literacy and competitiveness; English as a second language; family literacy; professionalization and standards; and electronic technologies in education. It was discovered that, despite increased awareness of adult literacy as a social issue and increased enrollment in literacy programs, efforts to improve adult literacy have not yet brought the dramatic gains for which policymakers, the literacy community, or the public have hoped. Useful ways to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of adult literacy programs were identified, and specific recommendations concerning adult literacy practice, research, and policy were formulated. It was concluded that making major gains toward the goal of a fully literate United States will require the following: more funding of literacy efforts; better targeting of available resources toward improving customer service; tailoring programs to address diverse needs; and developing user-friendly educational technologies. (Contains 74 endnotes and 88 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Standards, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Competition

Knight, Jane (1994). Internationalization: Elements and Checkpoints. CBIE Research No. 7, Canadian Bureau for International Education (CBIE) / Bureau canadien de l'éducation internationale (BCEI). Internationalization is an increasingly important issue in higher education around the world. "Global education can no longer be viewed as a secondary consideration; we must recognize that it is central to developing graduates who can cope effectively with the modern, interdependent world" (Wood, 1991). While universities and colleges have clearly shown increased interest in and commitment to internationalization, the question now facing them is how to sustain this interest and turn the commitment into effective strategies. It is necessary to take a critical and systematic look at how to sustain the interest and investments being made and assess the quality, impact and benefits of current internationalization efforts. The purpose of this paper is to examine the elements in the internationalization process of a college or university. Academic activities and services, organizational factors and guiding principles are discussed. Greater attention is given to organizational factors and principles which help to integrate internationalization into the university's administrative process and structures, and create a culture that values and supports the benefits of internationalization. The discussion culminates in a series of checkpoints to assist in the planning, implementation and review of internationalization strategies. Finally, an internationalization cycle is presented which includes six stages of the process and emphasizes continuous efforts toward innovation and institutionalization of the international dimension.   [More]  Descriptors: Higher Education, International Education, Global Education, Sustainability

Russell, Michele, Ed. (1993). A World of Magic: Conference Papers from the Selected Sessions of the AACRAO Annual Meeting (79th, Orlando, FL, April 18-23, 1993). Papers on aspects of college admission, records, and institutional research functions are: "How To Improve Office Morale" (Victor Swenson); "Staff Meetings: How To Save Hours per Month and Develop Your Staff" (LuAnn Harris, Shelley Olsen); "Selling SPEED/ExPRESS" (Laura Patterson, Thomas Scott); "Advisement and Registration: A Terminal Solution" (Gregory Wist and others); "Women at the Top: Administration from a Woman's Point of View" (Raquel Henry, Rose Austin); "Guerilla Guide to Computing: Developing a User-Oriented System in a Small School" (John H. Brown); "Stress Management in the Workplace" (Barry Delcambre); "What's Hot in Institutional Research in the 90s?" (Mantha Mehallis); "Modern Voice Response Systems for Admissions, Financial Aid and the Bursar" (John Brown);"Doctoral Graduation Rates and Time-to-Completion in Ontario Universities: Data and Policies" (Maurice Yeates); "Business Process Re-Engineering: Transforming College Admissions" (Mariea Noblitt); "Ontario's Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology" (Colin Dobell); "Defining Enrollment Planning: A Nuts and Bolts Approach" (James, Maraviglia); "Developing a Computerized Multi-Campus Transfer Information System" (Larry Rubin and others); "Iran: Recent Educational Developments" (Peter Bartram); "Optical Scanning from Admissions to Grading" (Joneel Harris, Toni Allen); "High Order Technology in Enrollment Services: First the Destination, and Then the Path" (Mark Elliot); "U-View Plus for the Macintosh Registration Using a Graphical User" (Louise Lonabocker); "Total Quality Enrollment Management" (Jim Black); "Yes, New Technology Affects Recruitment and Marketing" (Gene R. Sherron); "An Introduction to EXAMINE: A Flexible Examination Scheduling System" (Michael Carter and others); and "New Staff Orientation: The Second Step in Insuring Your Students Get Quality Service" (Doug Hartnagel).   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Advising, Academic Persistence, Administrative Policy, Administrator Attitudes

Shere, Waris, Ed.; Duhamel, Ronald, Ed. (1987). Academic Futures: Prospects for Post-Secondary Education. Present trends and future directions in postsecondary education in Canada and the United States are addressed in 15 essays and an introduction by Ron Duhamel. Authors and titles are as follows: "Traditional Values in the Contemporary University" (Robin H. Farquhar); "Facing the Future" (R. J. Duhamel); "Challenges to the Myths of Our Time" (E. Margaret Fulton); "A Future for Post-Secondary Education in Canada" (Paul Gallagher); "A Learning Log for Life" (Don Glendenning); "The Case for Elitism in the University" (John F. Godfrey); "The University in the Post-Industrial Society" (Norman Henchey); "Universities and Society" (Alvin A. Lee); "Peer Review and Faculty Self-Government: A Dissenting View" (Myron Lieberman); "The Arts Curriculum and University Reform" (Michael P.  Maxwell); "Some Issues in Higher Education" (Waris Shere); "Role Conflicts of a Professor of Higher Education: An Autobiographical Case Study" (Michael L. Skolnik); "Through the Learning Glass: The Universities" (Alan M. Thomas); "Intellectual Skills in Higher Education" (Janet G. Donald); and "The Universities' Role in the Economy" (John H. Woods). Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Cognitive Processes, College Curriculum, College Faculty

1976 (1976). Eighteenth International Conference on Social Welfare, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1976. Swedish National Report. The report discusses achievements in Sweden's economic and social reforms which have led to an increase in equality. Intended as Sweden's contribution to the exchange of information regarding social welfare action in developed and developing nations, the report is presented in eight chapters. Chapter I enumerates Sweden's policies of welfare, distribution, and employment during the past four or five decades. Chapter II examines employment and wage policy since 1930 and identifies issues of concern to Swedish trade unions in the 1970s. These include immigration of foreign workers, declining company profits, and the relationship between education and labor policies. Chapter III considers Sweden's medical care system and explains how social insurance has improved health care for citizens at low and middle income levels. Chapter IV describes the effects of increased preschool and adult educational programs on social equality. Chapter V outlines goals and implementation of government housing policies since 1940. Chapter VI appraises the role of taxation in economic redistribution. Immigration is discussed as an example of the Swedish policy of equality in Chapter VII. The final chapter assesses the effects of medical, employment, educational, social welfare, and taxation policies on social equality. The conclusion is that although social and economic reforms have led to an increase in equality, they must sometimes be temporarily suspended in favor of social and economic security. Descriptors: Comparative Education, Conference Reports, Developed Nations, Economic Climate

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