Grijalva Denounces Hostilities Against Dakota Access Water Protectors

Here we have a congressman from Tucson, Arizona and his statement denouncing hostilities towards Water Protectors.

TUCSON – Congressman Raúl M. Grijalva (D-AZ) released the following statement today in response to reports that tear gas, freezing water and rubber bullets were used Sunday night against a crowd of approximately 400 Water Protectors and demonstrators at the Dakota Access Pipeline. The altercation injured more than 150 demonstrators and one law enforcement officer.

“The escalating violence targeting peaceful demonstrators at the Dakota Access Pipeline is utterly unacceptable,” Rep. Grijalva said. “By attacking with the kind of force intended to quell riots, local and state law enforcement are acting like a hired security firm for a private corporation whose pipeline threatens Native American burial and sacred sites, and clean drinking water. Every American watching these events unfold should rightly be wondering: whose side are they on?

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Lakota People’s Law Project: The government came for our camp…

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Water Protectors — News Update 2017-02-10

Mountain Xpress: Divestiture could help halt Dakota Access pipeline 2017-02-10 Those seeking to profit from extracting the dirtiest of fuels are using their money and power to try to lock in a fossil fuel infrastructure, with no regard for cataclysmic climate change. But we don't have to let them. Starting right here in Asheville, we can derail those plans by moving our money out of the big banks that are financing the pipeline!
People's World: Standing Rock Sioux announce "Last Stand" but pipeline fight is far from over 2017-02-10 In a worldwide demand for action, the indigenous people's activist coalition at Standing Rock in North Dakota has released a statement calling on people to take ‘the last stand.
CNBC: Construction resumes on Dakota pipeline despite tribe's challenge 2017-02-09 The company building an oil pipeline that has fueled sustained public protests said on Thursday it has started drilling under a North Dakota lake despite a last-ditch legal challenge from a Native American tribe leading the opposition. | Energy Transfer Partners is building the $3.8 billion Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL)
People's World: Standing Rock Water Protectors speak in Tennessee 2017-02-09 A delegation of the Standing Rock Water Protectors spoke Jan. 8 at the Friends' Meeting House, a Quaker facility in Nashville. Several hundred city residents attended the standing room only meeting.
1011now: DAPL protest moves back to Nebraska 2017-02-09 Local opponents of the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline project moved the debate back to Omaha Thursday afternoon with a protest in front of the Army Corps of Engineers offices at 16th and Capitol.
Yahoo News: 'Milwaukee Water Protectors' protest Dakota Access Pipeline outside Wells Fargo bank 2017-02-09 A group of about 20 people marched outside Wells Fargo in downtown Milwaukee Wednesday, February 8th — protesting the bank's involvement in the Dakota Access Pipeline. The group Milwaukee Water Protectors organized the demonstration. They said they're upset President Donald Trump and the Army Corps of Engineers granted an easement for the pipeline, which will skip a study looking into its environmental impact.
New York Daily News: Army grants permission to resume construction of controversial Dakota Access pipeline 2017-02-09 The Army granted the developer of the Dakota Access oil pipeline permission to lay pipe under a Missouri River reservoir in North Dakota.
Truthdig: Standing Rock Tribe Calls for Action in Face of Impending Pipeline Construction 2017-02-09 The fight over the Dakota Access pipeline is reaching a boiling point as peaceful demonstrators seek to halt imminent drilling. -
Chicagoist: 4 Arrested During Protest Against Dakota Access Pipeline In Loop Bank 2017-02-08 A group of water protectors chained together inside a Citibank branch in the Loop. Citibank is one of 17 banks that have provided funding for the Dakota Access Pipeline. Photo by Tyler Lariviere/Chicagoist. At least four Illinois water protectors were arrested at a Citibank branch in the Loop Wednesday afternoon after occupying it to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline and the financial giant's support of it.
M?ori Television: Dakota water protectors call for last stand 2017-02-08 Standing Rock Sioux have called for a last stand after the U.S Army Corps of Engineers signalled its intention to grant an easement to the Dakota Access… Ben Gibbard and Sherman Alexie Team Up for Standing Rock Benefit on March 5. Tickets On Sale Today 2017-02-08 In the days immediately following Trump's executive order allowing the Dakota Access pipeline to be built, Death Cab for Cutie/Postal Service leader Ben Gibbard organized an all-ages solo performance to benefit Standing Rock on Sunday, March 5 at Showbox. He'll be joined by Stranger Genius Award-winning author Sherman Alexie and folk/afro-soul singer Naomi Wachira. | Tickets go on sale today.
Dorchester Reporter: Update on Standing Rock protest 2017-02-08 As stated in your article in the Feb. 2 edition, my husband, Dan Luker, is now in North Dakota with the Water Protectors of the Sioux tribe at Standing Rock. I want to appreciate Ryan Daly for interviewing him and writing the piece, and the Reporter for publishing the story of the Standing Rock struggle.
teleSUR English: 'This Is the Last Stand' Call for Worldwide #NODAPL Resistance 2017-02-08 teleSUR / jc-mk: A call has been made for "emergency actions to disrupt business as usual and unleash a global intersectional resistance to fossil fuels and fascism."
Observer: Police Continue Harassing, Smearing Standing Rock Water Protectors 2017-02-07 On February 2, 74 water protectors were arrested after their camp was raided.
Truth-Out: 'Standing Rock Is Everywhere Right Now' : A Conversation With Judith LeBlanc 2017-02-07 Sarah Jaffe: Water Protectors have a strategy for spreading the Standing Rock struggle to other reservations and to Capitol Hill.
Jezebel: Journalist Charged With Criminal Trespass and Rioting While Covering Latest North Dakota Pipeline Arrests 2017-02-06 Anna Merlan: A journalist is being charged with criminal trespass and engaging in a riot while covering the latest arrests near the Standing Rock reservation in North Dakota. Jenni Monet, 40, told the Los Angeles Times she clearly identified herself as a journalist and was still arrested, then held with other women arrestees for around seven hours in a metal cage in a parking lot at the Morton County jail.
Mintpress News: Standing Rock Sioux Speak Out Following Violent Removal Of Water Protectors 2017-02-06 The Standing Rock Sioux are set to press on in the legal battle against the Dakota Access pipeline.
Mintpress News: Veterans Returning To Standing Rock As Fight Against DAPL Continues 2017-02-06 A group of veterans is promising to return to Standing Rock after local law enforcement raided a newly created resistance camp.
YES! Magazine: How Powerful Could We Be If We Agree to Stand Our Ground on Our Treaty Land 2017-02-05 This movement is not just about a pipeline. We are not fighting for a reroute, or a better process in the white man's courts. We are fighting for our liberation.
Duluth News Tribune: Author to activist: Bayfield woman leads opposition to corporate farms near Lake Superior and beyond 2017-02-05 It's a term given meaning in North Dakota, where outside the home of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe protesters calling themselves water protectors have camped since the middle of last year in opposition to the Dakota Access oil pipeline. | Much news continues to be made on that front as camps of protesters challenge the effort to run the pipeline under the Missouri River.
Daily Beast: Standing Rock Fight Has Global Echoes 2017-02-05 Much like the Sioux in North Dakota, indigenous people in Tibet and elsewhere are fighting attempts by industry and government to despoil the earth in the name of progress.
eNews Park Forest: Saturday, Feb. 4: Illinois Water Protectors Rally and March in the Eleventh Hour of the Standing Rock Crisis 2017-02-03 The indigenous resistance against the Dakota Access Pipeline has called for emergency solidarity actions across the world. From the threat that the Army Corps will approve the DAPL easement, to the attack on indigenous sovereignty, to ongoing ecocide and climate crisis, we recognize this is a time of great urgency as we respond to this call.
Mintpress News: BREAKING: Standing Rock Tribal Council Betrays Water Protectors, Sends In Cops 2017-02-03 Johnny Dangers, a livestreamer who has resided in the camps to document the ongoing battle against Big Oil, captured what he termed a raid on live video, with officials from the ATF, Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Standing Rock division of Fish and Wildlife, tribal police, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers surveying Allard's property while refusing to answer questions regarding legality of their visit., Dakota Access Pipeline, Morton County…
ColorLines magazine: Sacred Stone Camp Founder: 'We Have Been Betrayed by Standing Rock Tribal Council' 2017-02-02 Bureau of Indian Affairs officers and tribal council members raided a camp—just one day after authorities arrested 76 water protectors.
EcoWatch: 76 Arrested at Standing Rock as Trump Tries to Move DAPL Forward 2017-02-02 Lorraine Chow: Seventy-six Water Protectors were arrested following a clash with law enforcement at Standing Rock over the Dakota Access Pipeline.
Inhabitat: 76 water protectors arrested at Standing Rock 2017-02-02 North Dakota police arrested 76 water protectors camped out at Standing Rock just one day after federal officials greenlighted the project.
La Crosse Tribune: Bryan Van Gorp: What do Houston County Protectors really want? 2017-02-02 Houston County Protectors have been much maligned by some land rights extremists. The land rights fringe says, it is our land and we can do whatever we want.

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Bibliography: American Indians Rights (page 75 of 75)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website. Some of the authors featured on this page include William M. Samuels, Arthur M. Harkins, R. Alex Sim, Washington Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Richard G. Woods, Donald R. Buckner, and Jack Abramowitz.

Sim, R. Alex (1967). The Education of Indians in Ontario: A Report of the Provincial Committee on Aims and Objectives of Education in the Schools of Ontario. A Strathmere Study. In this 3-month study of aims and objectives for educating Canadian Indians in the Ontario schools, data were collected largely via secondary sources, field observation, and interviewing. It was found that the Ontario government has no policy directed specifically for Indian students; however, the federal government does have policies developed for registered Treaty Indians. In this report, these policies are described along with educational objectives and recommendations to provide for equality, accommodation, and autonomy for Ontario's Indian children.   [More]  Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indians, Attitudes, Civil Rights

Samuels, William M.; Buckner, Donald R. (1975). Minority Barriers Identification Conference (Arlington, Virginia, December 15-17, 1975). Final Report. Papers, workshop reports, and pertinent recommendations from a conference concerned with barriers faced by minorities seeking training in the allied health professions are presented. Data provided for the conference, gathered from Northeast, Southeast and Southwest United States during a 2-year period, related to barriers encountered by Black, Indian, and Spanish-surnamed students attempting to enroll in allied health professions in their geographical areas. These barriers were validated and placed under the major headings of need for financial assistance, need for role models, poor academic preparation and lack of tutorial services, lack of career information and counseling, and cultural and social gaps. Five priority recommendations for attacking the barriers were presented: (1) Initiation of a national comprehensive allied health manpower development program, (2) development and enforcement of a strategy to identify and remove culturally biased admissions criteria and procedures, (3) public or private capacitation resource for training centers based on completion of training programs and registration in a profession by minority students, (4) development and implementation of advocacy programs to overcome barriers to minority students entering the allied health professions, and (5) allied health traineeships that would include specific funding for ancillary clinical training costs. A listing of participants is appended. Descriptors: Access to Education, Accountability, Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. (1980). Vocational Education. Report by the Secretary of Education to the Congress. This report prepared by the Policy Analysis and Legislation Staff of the Office of Vocational and Adult Education, for the Congress, discusses the status of vocational education using statistical information, state evaluations, and audits, and reports compliance and quality of vocational education programs in selected states. The general provisions of state vocational programs, their basic grant structure, and a review of state program improvement and supportive services are provided. In addition, the states' programs for the disadvantaged and for consumer and homemaking education are reviewed. Presented next are the general provisions of national vocational programs along with an overview of programs of national significance, bilingual vocational training, and the emergency assistance program for remodeling and renovation of vocational education facilities. Then a discussion of the Appalachian Regional Development Commission (ARDC) is provided. Twenty enrollment tables and 12 funding tables are appended. It is reported that total enrollment in vocational education at all levels reached a record of 17 million with expenditures at $6.5 billion in fiscal year 1979.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, American Indian Education, Annual Reports, Bilingual Education

Abramowitz, Jack (1989). Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book III. New Directions for the United States and Teacher's Guide. This skills-text is the third of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 3 covers the period from the Civil War to 1900. Each lesson includes short readings with exercises and questions to allow students to explore the topic. The volume includes: (1) "Slavery Divides the Nation"; (2) "Letters and Diaries from the Civil War"; (3) "Emancipation"; (4) "Black Soldiers in the Civil War"; (5) "The Effort at Reconstruction"; (6) "Westward Ho"; (7) "The Black Exodus of 1879"; (8) "A Century of Dishonor Toward Native Americans"; (9) "The Farmer's Revolt"; (10) "The Rise of Big Business"; (11) "The Rise of Labor Unionism"; (12) "The New Immigrants"; (13) "The Election of 1896"; and (14) "Imperialism and Racism." A review section, glossary, and teacher's guide are included. Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Civil War (United States), Cultural Pluralism

Woods, Richard G.; Harkins, Arthur M. (1969). A Review of Recent Research on Minneapolis Indians: 1968-1969. Research conducted during 1968 and 1969 concerning the Minneapolis Indian population is examined in an attempt to describe their characteristics; their relationship to major urban institutions; their employment, health, and housing; and justice, public welfare, and public institutions as related to the Indian. Inequities in the relationship between the community and its Indian residents are examined. Three major problems are focused on in the report: (1) obtaining specific knowledge about urban Indians, (2) application of such knowledge, and (3) inadequate understanding and mistrust of agencies by the Indian. Suggestions are made to remedy these problems.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), Agencies, American Indians

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Bibliography: American Indians Rights (page 74 of 75)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Marshall Croddy, Ellwyn R. Stoddard, Jim Carnes, Will Antell, Anna David, Coral Suter, Linda Greene, Denver. Colorado State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, South Dakota State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights., and 1968.

Montana State Univ., Bozeman. (1994). Native American Parents as Teachers of Their Children. Final Report [and] A Four-Part Workshop. A project was conducted to develop a series of culturally relevant family literacy instructional materials (written and videotaped) that could be used with undereducated Native American parents who desire to increase their own knowledge, skills, ability, and self-confidence in order to become more effective teachers of their own children. The materials were designed to help parents assist their children with reading and mathematics skills and to assist parents to become more effective advocates for their children in school. This packet includes a narrative report of the project, a facilitator's guide for conducting a four-part parent workshop, and originals for handout materials to give parents. The facilitator's guide is organized into eight sections. The first two sections provide an overview of the project and information on how to use the guide. The third section provides tips for working with Native Americans. The following four sections focus on these topics: the important role that parents play as teachers of their children and how they can have a positive impact on their children's academic achievement; the importance of storytelling, book handling skills, gross and fine motor skills, learning basic sounds, and beginning mathematics skills; the importance of helping their children learn how to read; and the importance of parents being advocates for their children when they enter school. The materials for each of these four sections are organized in a series of parent outcomes. Each outcome is followed by one or more points to be made, one or more learning activities for participants, materials needed for the facilitator and for the participants, and resources and references, where appropriate. The next section lists 14 resources (sources for the reference materials noted in the reference sections of each instructional section of the guide). The handouts provided are labeled as to the outcome/point they address.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, American Indian Education, American Indians, Educational Responsibility

Antell, Will; And Others (1972). Between Two Milestones: The First Report to the President of the United States by the Special Education Subcommittee of the National Council on Indian Opportunity. The "First Report to the United States President by the Special Education Subcommittee of the National Council on Indian Opportunity is presented. The subcommittee, established to implement the policy of self-determination without termination in the educational sector of American and Alaskan Native Affairs, was initiated by the July 8, 1970 Presidential Policy Message. Its purpose is to provide technical assistance to Native communities to establish local boards of education and to report the status and monitor change in education through national review and annual assessments. The 9-member subcommittee conducted regional hearings in the 48 states and Alaska. Among its findings were that: (1) the Federal Government failed to implement its proposed policy of placing Federal elementary and secondary day and boarding schools on or off reservations under control school boards; (2) the small proportions of Johnson-O'Malley funds contracted directly to tribes indicated hesitancy or actual failure in policy implementation; (3) the subcommittee was reduced to a token Indian group by withholding official and financial support; and (4) two points of view (one of hesitancy and fear and one of receptivity and enthusiasm) existed among native people toward local control of education. The activities and deliberations resulting in the major findings and recommendations are presented. The appendix consists of brief biographical sketches of subcommittee members and a calendar of activities. Descriptors: Adult Education, Advisory Committees, American Indians, Boarding Schools

Kupper, Lisa, Ed. (1992). Accessing Programs for Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers with Disabilities: A Parent's Guide = Programas para Infantes y Ninos Pre-escolares con Discapacidades: Guia para Padres de Familia. Update. This parent's guide (presented in both English and Spanish) is intended to help families access services for young children with special needs. It is presented in the form of questions and answers arranged in three parts. Part I presents 12 questions and answers about early intervention services for infants and toddlers (ages birth through 2 years) who have a developmental delay or who are at risk of a developmental delay. Part II answers 8 questions about special education programs and services for preschoolers with disabilities (ages 3 through 5). Part III (5 questions) covers programs and services for rural, Native American, adoptive/foster, and military families and their young children with disabilities. An additional section offers summary information about the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Also included are a dictionary of terms used in special education, 10 annotated references for families, and a parent's record-keeping worksheet.   [More]  Descriptors: Adopted Children, American Indians, Delivery Systems, Disabilities

South Dakota State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (1978). Native American Justice Issues in North Dakota. In order to assess the quality of justice available to Native Americans in Burleigh County, North Dakota, investigations were conducted from June 1976 through April 1978 with an informal fact finding meeting as well as interviews with approximately 85 persons in Burleigh County and throughout the state. The 1970 census lists Native Americans living in North Dakota as comprising 2.3 percent of the population, yet the inmate structure of the North Dakota State Penitentiary includes 25 to 30 percent Indians. In Burleigh County during 1977, 32.7 percent of the arrests made for the eight most common offenses were of Indians, although the 1970 census showed Indians comprised only 1 percent of the total county population. The disproportionate number of Native Americans arrested and incarcerated is due to a number of factors. Indian unemployment exceeds 35 percent; this affects community attitudes of prejudice and discrimination. Such attitudes in turn often influence law enforcement officers, court officials, attorneys, and jury panels. Communication between Indian clients and their attorneys or courts is often a problem. Only rarely is an Indian person called for jury duty and it is difficult to get an impartial jury for an Indian defendant. Among the recommendations for improving the justice system for Native Americans in North Dakota are recruiting more Indian enforcement officers, providing ombudsmen versed in judicial procedures to assist Indian defendants, establishing a statewide public defender system, and broadening the jury selection system to include a representative proportion of Native Americans on each jury panel. Descriptors: Alcoholism, American Indians, Civil Rights, Community Attitudes

Greene, Linda (1973). Justice in America: The Persistent Myth, Social Education. Two case histories of the treatment of the Indians and Blacks in America illustrate the historic lack of concern, where profitable, for injustice under law. Descriptors: American Indians, Blacks, Case Studies, Civil Rights

David, Anna, Ed. (1987). Navajos: A Source Booklet for Teachers and Students. As part of the National Education Association (NEA) Mastery in Learning Project, faculty and students of the Greasewood/Toyei Consolidated Boarding School developed a booklet of Navajo students' work. The purpose of the booklet is to promote better understanding of the Navajo culture. Navajo culture emphasizes respect for the earth, reverence of nature, and high regard for the elderly. The booklet describes Dine' Bizaad, the oral Navajo language and gives phonetic representations of various Navajo words. Poetry, stories, and drawings portray ceremonies, legends, beliefs, and traditions. Sections on weaving, pottery, sand painting, and toy making include lists of materials and procedures necessary to complete activities in the classroom. The final section contains recipes for traditional Navajo foods. Descriptors: American Indian Culture, Art Activities, Art Expression, Ceramics

Suter, Coral; Croddy, Marshall (1985). To Promote the General Welfare: The Purpose of Law. Law in Social Studies Series. Instructor's Manual. This teacher's guide is part of a curriculum designed for infusion into secondary U.S. history courses to help students explore purposes of American law. In the curriculum students study about legal decision making during the American colonial period, explore methods our legal system uses to establish facts, learn that individual liberty is a primary purpose of the U.S. Constitution, study laws aimed at abolishing child labor in America, and examine the nature, purpose, and consequences of Prohibition. Step-by-step procedures for teaching each of the curriculum's five units are provided in the guide. For each unit an overview is provided and purpose and objectives are outlined. Specific teaching methods and learning activities are suggested. Discussion questions and possible student answers are included. The entire student booklet is duplicated in the guide. Teaching methods used include directed classroom discussions, small group activities, brainstorming, simulations and role-playing, and resource speakers.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Child Labor, Citizenship Education, Civil Liberties

Colorado State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Denver. (1995). The Retention of Minorities in Colorado Public Institutions of Higher Education: Fort Lewis and Adams State Colleges. Based on background research, interviews, and a public hearing held in Durango (Colorado) in March 1993, this report addresses issues regarding minority retention at Fort Lewis College in Durango and, to a lesser extent, at Adams State College in Alamosa. Due to limited information about Adams State College, none of the recommendations address that institution. The introduction examines demographics for minorities in higher education at the national level and in Colorado. In Colorado, minority participation in higher education follows national trends; rates of enrollment, persistence, and graduation are much lower for African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans than for Whites. The next two chapters describe aspects of Fort Lewis and Adams State Colleges respectively, including college history; enrollment, persistence, and graduation rates; minority faculty recruitment; campus and community attitudes; and student support services. Native American students make up 10% of the student body at Fort Lewis, while Hispanics comprise 25% of students at Adams State. The last chapter presents findings and recommendations. Despite commendable retention programs, persistence and graduation rates for Native Americans at Fort Lewis College are well below those of other racial groups at the school, and are approximately half those of Native American students in other Colorado institutions. Recommendations include a holistic approach by the school; enlistment of support from the student body, staff, and faculty; comprehensive cultural sensitivity training for faculty; efforts to recruit minority faculty; enlarged peer and career counseling programs; early recognition of academic successes; and efforts to reduce racial tensions on campus and in the community.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Persistence, American Indian Education, College Students, Colleges

Carnes, Jim, Ed. (1994). Teaching Tools, Teaching Tolerance. The author lists 40 resources intended for use by either elementary or secondary school students and teachers that examine cultural diversity and how different cultures have impacted American history. Books and videotapes examine the importance of cultural diversity, present curricula promoting multiculturalism, and explore the problems of ethnic stereotyping. Descriptors: American Indians, Art Materials, Books, Civil Rights

1968 (1968). Bibliography on the Problems of Southwestern Minority Groups and for Teachers of Adult Students from Different Cultural Backgrounds. The bibliography cites 169 books and articles, published between 1928 and 1967, on the problems of southwestern minority groups. A selected list of 69 professional books for teachers and adult students from different cultural backgrounds is included. Both lists are author-indexed. In addition, a motion picture series, a newspaper, and 6 resource centers are cited. Descriptors: Adult Students, American Indians, Anglo Americans, Bibliographies

Stoddard, Ellwyn R. (1973). Mexican American Identity – A Multi-Cultural Legacy. Investigating the background of Mexican American identify, the document determined that this identity is a dynamic image emerging from a continuous process of human development in which the genetic and cultural variations from European and indigenous peoples are combined within a complex historical situation. The combination includes: (1) the "1848 (Anglo)" image–a race of conquered people allowed to become U.S. citizens if and when they learn to become WASP middle class Americans; (2) "Spanish" ancestry–an image which identifies with lighter skinned Europeans; (3) "La Raza"–a glorification of the "mestizo" – the racial hybrid of Caucasian and indigenous peoples; (4) "Indian" ancestry–Mexican Americans who with to throw off the racist stigma of a dark skin and who overtly claim Indian ancestry; (5) "1848 (Mexican)" image–revised from the Anglo version, but accepting the Mexican War period as the beginning of their identity today; (6) "Chicano"–a militant, self-imposed label advocating self-determination and independence from Anglo evaluation; and (7) "Children of Aztlan"–an idealistic orientation within the overall Chicano movement which has attached its identity to pre-Aztec traditions.   [More]  Descriptors: Activism, American History, American Indians, Anglo Americans

Interracial Books for Children Bulletin (1977). Intellectual Freedom and Racism. This issue of the "Interracial Books for Children Bulletin" contains a special section focusing on the film called, "The Speaker". This film purports to deal with an assault on the First Amendment and with the necessity for eternal vigilance in defense of U.S. Constitutional freedom. The setting is an integrated high school which is thrown into turmoil when its current events committee schedules the appearance of a scholar who believes that blacks are genetically inferior to whites. The alleged assault on freedom occurs when the school authorities cancel the event. A comprehensive discussion of the film and related issues is presented in a series of articles. Other articles in this issue deal with: 1)activities conducted by a Boston area group which is working with teachers to promote anti-racist education, 2)a graphic look at the current status of women and minorities on U.S. school staffs, and 3)a teacher offers pointers on what to avoid in classroom discussions about Native Americans. Descriptors: American Indians, Blacks, Censorship, Civil Rights

Suter, Coral; Croddy, Marshall (1985). To Promote the General Welfare: The Purpose of Law. Law in Social Studies Series. This student booklet is part of a curriculum designed for infusion into secondary U.S. history courses to help students explore the purposes of American law. The booklet contains student readings and discussion questions and suggests learning activities. There are five units. Unit 1, "Law in a New World," examines processes used to make legal decisions during the American colonial period. Students compare the consensual process used by the Iroquois Indians with those processes used during the Salem witch trials. Set in New Orleans during the War of 1812, Unit 2, "Patriots and Pirates," involves students in evaluating whether Jean Lafitte was a patriot or a pirate. They apply criminal law standards to actual cases in which Lafitte was involved. In Unit 3, "During the Late Wicked Rebellion," students study about Lambdin Milligan's resistance to the War between the States and learn that the protection of individual liberty is a primary purpose of the U.S. Constitution. In Unit 4 students examine legislation aimed at ending "Child Labor in America." Unit 5, "The Twenties in Turmoil," examines the nature, purpose, and consequences of Prohibition.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Child Labor, Citizenship Education, Civil Liberties

Savage, Marsha K. (1995). The 1994 Carter G. Woodson Book Awards, Social Education. Presents an annotated bibliography of six books that won the 1994 Carter G. Woodson Book Award presented by the National Council for the Social Studies. States that the award was established to inspire contemporary authors to continue to write books related to ethnic minorities. Descriptors: Adolescent Literature, American Indians, Artists, Black Culture

South Dakota State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (1977). Liberty and Justice for All. In order to assess the quality of justice available to Native Americans in Pennington and Charles Mix counties, South Dakota, investigations were conducted from June through November 1976 with a two-day informal hearing and 130 interviews around the state. Despite progress made during the last few years, Indian people continue to face problems in South Dakota's criminal justice system which place them at a severe disadvantage. Evidence exists of widespread abuse of police power throughout the state, including selective law enforcement, search and arrest without cause, harassment and brutal treatment, arrest of intoxicated persons on disorderly conduct charges, and simple discourtesies. Inexperience, difficulties in communication, and inherent conflicts of interest on the part of defense attorneys often hamper Native American defendants. Rarely do Native Americans serve on juries. This, along with prejudicial attitudes of juries, makes it very difficult to obtain an impartial jury. State-imposed trial delays, a high number of guilty pleas, and possible abuse of the plea bargaining system also testify to inadequacies in the criminal justice system. Twenty-two recommendations are made to alleviate disparities. These include hiring more Native Americans as law enforcement officers to improve communication, reviewing complaints of police misconduct, improving treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholics, training and employing Native American paralegal personnel to assist Indian defendants, and broadening the jury selection system to include a representative proportion of Native Americans on jury panels. Descriptors: Alcoholism, American Indians, Civil Rights, Community Attitudes

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Bibliography: American Indians Rights (page 73 of 75)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website. Some of the authors featured on this page include North Dakota Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights., Education Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law, Vine Deloria, Gregory D. Squires, Sally E. James, Integrated Education, Nancy Oestreich Lurie, Irving W. Stout, Joyce M. Erdman, and Karen D. Harvey.

Garner, Van Hastings (1976). The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the California Indians, Indian Historian.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Conflict, Government Role

Lurie, Nancy Oestreich (1971). Menominee Termination, Indian Historian. Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Cultural Influences, Economics

Integrated Education (1972). Metis and Non-Status Indians in Canada. The text of a statement presented to the Honorable Gerard Pelletier, Secretary of State Government of Canada, by the Native Council of Canada and its associated members, June 6, 1972.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, Canada Natives, Civil Rights, Educational Problems

North Dakota Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (1993). Native American Students in North Dakota Special Education Programs. Based on background research and information submitted at a public hearing in Bismarck, North Dakota, on December 13, 1991, this report addresses the extent to which Native American students are treated equally in North Dakota special education programs. It was found that in some schools and special education units, Native American students in special education far exceeded their proportion in the total student population. Statistics reinforce beliefs of special education personnel and others that the placement of some Native American students in special education programs results from questionable placement procedures and from the misunderstanding and misinterpretation of socioeconomic, linquistic, and cultural factors. Allegations were also made that racial prejudice was a factor in some placement decisions. Corrective action is urged to assure that evaluation and placement procedures use valid criteria and consider only nondiscriminatory factors. Achieving this objective requires inplementation of a more comprehensive and detailed data collection system, more meaningful parent participation in placement procedures, and reassessment and revision of the training of teachers and program administrators. Reporters recommend selective review of North Dakota schools and school districts to determine compliance with the Education for All Handicapped Children Act and other statutes requiring nondiscrimination. Data tables present information for North Dakota and for Bismarck public schools on enrollments and special education placements, school personnel, and expenditures and revenues. Appendices list North Dakota Special Education Administrative Units and detail Native American enrollment in North Dakota schools for 1991-92.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indians, Compliance (Legal), Cross Cultural Training

Indian Historian (1972). Text of Judge's Decision: The Intermountain Student Suit. Descriptors: American Indians, Boarding Schools, Civil Rights, Conflict Resolution

Stout, Irving W. (1970). The Evolution of Parental Control of Schools on an Indian Reservation, Contemp Indian Aff. Descriptors: American Indians, Board of Education Role, Civil Rights, Community Involvement

Deloria, Vine, Jr. (1973). Indian Treaties A Hundred Years Later, Education Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law.   [More]  Descriptors: Activism, American History, American Indian Reservations, American Indians

Education Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law (1974). Tribal Jurisdiction and the Future... Pending legislation would allow those tribes, who have had their civil and criminal jurisdictional powers taken without their consent, to regain those powers if the tribes so desired. Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Change Strategies, Civil Rights Legislation

Duran, Elizabeth Chidester (1970). Clinton Rickard, Chief of the Tuscaroras, Contemp Indian Aff. Descriptors: American Indians, Biographies, Civil Rights Legislation, Educational Legislation

Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, Phoenix. (1974). Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs 1973-74 Annual Report. The 1973-74 Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs Annual Report provides information on the conditions and problems confronting Arizona Indians. The Commission recognizes its responsibility to provide solutions to such problems as attaining a status of social, economic, and political equality with other citizens of the State and nation. Commission progress in its program of cooperation with State and Federal agencies, tribal councils, legislators, and others in developing harmonious working relationships and trust is shown. Included are: statistical charts as well as a map of the population and acreage of Arizona reservations; listings of Commission members and meetings, projects completed, and published materials distributed; a discussion of Commission highlights; and a financial report. A profile of the Yavapai-Apache Nation describes: the origin and history of the tribe; size and location; tribal government, employment, and economic development; education, health, and welfare; and other tribal activities. The appendixes include the Commission's Enabling Legislation, the Havasupai Resolution, the Hiring of Indian Counselors Resolution, and the Indian Village Site Resolution. A summary concludes the report.   [More]  Descriptors: Accountability, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Annual Reports

Harvey, Karen D. (1991). Vanquished Americans, Social Education. Presents an interdisciplinary unit for middle school students, focusing on the removal of the Cherokee and other tribes from Georgia to so-called Indian Territory, also known as the Trail of Tears. Outlines cooperative learning activities addressing whether or not this act constituted genocide. Uses excerpts from the novel, "The Education of Little Tree." Descriptors: American Indian History, American Indian Studies, American Indians, Childrens Literature

Squires, Gregory D. (1978). Bridging the Gap: A Reassessment. This reassessment of a 1975 report on issues in Indian education and employment in the Twin Cities indicates that little progress has been made. Indians are less than half as likely to complete high school as the total Twin Cities' school population, they are three times as likely to be unemployed, and six times as likely to live in poverty. The income of Indian families is approximately one-half the income of other families. The most successful educational program has been the Indian scholarship program which currently enrolls 850-1000 students in college and vocational programs. Although substantiating data is not available, it appears that two alternative schools created to serve Indian students have lower dropout rates and greater parental approval than public schools and an effort to concentrate Indian students within specific public schools is meeting with success. While civil service practices such as Minneapolis'"rule of one" and the maintenance of "promotion only" jobs in St. Paul perpetuate the effect of prior discriminatory employment practices, new policies have opened employment opportunities in the Federal Government and the Minneapolis public schools. The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) has placed Indian jobseekers. Recommendations include establishment of alternative Indian education programs, Indian studies curriculum, accurate assessment of educational programs, recording Indian labor force data, active recruitment of Indian employees, and development of a formula to encourage state departments of employment services to more actively place minority job seekers. Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), American Indian Education, American Indians

Bahr, Howard M.; And Others (1972). Discrimination Against Urban Indians in Seattle, Indian Historian.   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Rights, Housing Discrimination, Nonreservation American Indians, Racial Relations

Erdman, Joyce M. (1966). Handbook on Wisconsin Indians. Due to the changing status of Indians in Wisconsin, the 1966 handbook provides a new study of their present day situation. Leadership from among the Indians has generated new interest in Indian conditions. Although their economic position has not improved significantly, their psychological climate is now characterized by optimism. Questions of the identity of the Indians and their aspirations are discussed. History and present conditions of reservation tribes are presented by individual tribes. Working relationships between Wisconsin Indians and state and Federal agencies are identified. Some Wisconsin organizations working with Indians are listed and some of the more important Wisconsin statutes pertaining to Indians are reproduced.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Economic Factors, Educational Needs, Federal Programs

James, Sally E.; Brooks, Joseph T. (1974). Report on Indian Education; State of Washington. Most treaties negotiated with Indian tribes between 1778 and 1868 contain a clause insuring that the federal government will provide Indians with full educational opportunity in exchange for their ceded lands. This promise has not been fulfilled. Indian students are dropping out of Washington schools at rates estimated between 38-60 percent; schools have not been meeting the apparent needs of Indian children. This failure is attributed to several factors. Parents have been discouraged or excluded from school decision making policy; in two districts where Indians have had some control, dropout rates dropped appreciably. Many teachers are ignorant or indifferent to their Indian students' needs and backgrounds; necessity exists for preparing more Indian teachers and sensitizing non-Indian teachers. Disparity exists over funding. Because of existing federal regulations, over half the Indian students are ineligible for funds specifically designed to help them, yet most local and state school systems are unresponsive to their needs unless federal funds are available. Among the eight recommendations concluding the report are: establishing responsibility in one state agency for improvement of Indian education; developing and expanding teacher training programs specifically related to the needs of Indian children; and enacting legislation to ensure that both urban and reservation Indians participate fully in state and local educational systems. Descriptors: American Indian Education, Civil Rights, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education

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Bibliography: American Indians Rights (page 72 of 75)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Marshall Croddy, H. Prentice Baptiste, Andrew L. Aoki, Todd Oto, Keri Doggett, Lehman Brightman, Jerry Rosiek, Education Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law, Michael L. Lawson, and I. Phillip Young.

Schultz, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Haynie, Kerry L., Ed.; McCulloch, Anne M., Ed.; Aoki, Andrew L., Ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics. Volume 2: Hispanic Americans and Native Americans. The American Political Landscape Series. The last 30 years of U.S. political history have seen dramatic strides in the impact that minorities play in U.S. politics. This second volume of a two-volume set addresses the historical and contemporary impact of two of the largest minority groups in the United States. Divided into two sections, the encyclopedia addresses the political struggles of Hispanic Americans and Native Americans. The work draws attention to those events, people, and ideas that have shaped, and will continue to shape, the political dialogue of a diverse country. The entries cover people, events, court cases, movements, and organizations that have shaped the political struggles of these 2 groups. Longer entries address some of the key issues that face minorities in U.S. politics today. These "issue entries," such as those on affirmative action, immigration, bilingual education, and political participation were written to give context to current politics and to show how these issues might be resolved. For example, the entry for education features a discussion of bilingual education, assimilation, boarding schools for Indian children, the Meriam Report of 1928, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Every entry has a bibliography that can serve as the next step for further research by the user of the volumes. In addition to bibliographies, entries are cross-referenced internally through the use of bold-faced type and "See also" listings at the end of the entry to offer other areas the reader may want to investigate. Appendixes include reprints of selected important documents and speeches; a directory of organizations that are directly or indirectly involved in politics is provided for each minority group; and a timeline. Descriptors: American Indians, Citizenship, Civil Rights, Encyclopedias

Office for Civil Rights (DHEW), Washington, DC. (1973). Availability Data: Minorities and Women. Sources and type of data concerning minority groups and women are listed in an effort to assist employers and institutions of higher education. Excerpts and statistics from various sources are presented. Reproduced from best available copy.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Blacks, Degrees (Academic), Employment Opportunities

Shannon, Albert (1970). An Interview with Rev. James Groppi, Marquette University Education Review. Descriptors: American Indians, Blacks, Civil Rights, Mexican Americans

Brightman, Lehman (1973). Education of the Native American? A Brief Overview, Journal of Non-White Concerns in Personnel and Guidance. A disucssion of the conditions and atmosphere at federal boarding schools for Indian children which make them examples of what education should not be. Descriptors: American Indians, Boarding Schools, Civil Rights, Educational Environment

McCullough, Julie, Ed. (2004). Our Documents: A National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service. Teacher Sourcebook, Volume III, National Archives and Records Administration. Thousands of educators are using America's most important historic documents to help students learn the story of their nation and its citizens, thanks to the Our Documents initiative. This was one of the main objectives of Our Documents, which is part of the "National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service," launched by President George W. Bush in September 2002. It is co-sponsored by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), National History Day (NHD), and the USA Freedom Corps.  Since the launch, teachers around the country have been tapping into the resources on the "Our Documents" web site, directing their students to it, and encouraging students to produce National History Day projects based on the documents. The "Our Documents" web site ( features full-color images of one hundred milestone documents, drawn primarily from the holdings of the National Archives; transcriptions; brief essays that place the documents in their historical context; and resources for teachers. In addition to viewing the documents, visitors to the site can access the Teacher Sourcebooks. This volume provides suggestions for using the milestone documents in the classroom. It contains the list of one hundred milestone documents, an explanation of key themes in the documents, a timeline putting the documents in chronological order, lesson plans and classroom exercises, information on the student and teacher competitions, and a bibliography of works related to the documents. [Support for this document was provided by The History Channel and Siemens. For Volume II, see ED512023.]   [More]  Descriptors: United States History, Civics, Archives, History Instruction

Berkey, Curtis (1976). John Collier and the Indian Reorganization Act, American Indian Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Federal Legislation, Land Acquisition

Croddy, Marshall; Degelman, Charles; Doggett, Keri; Hayes, Bill (1997). Adventures in Law and History. Volume I: Native Americans, the Spanish Frontier, and the Gold Rush. A Law and Civic Education Curriculum for Upper Elementary Grades with Units on Rules and Laws, Property, and Authority. This is volume one of a two-volume civics curriculum on law and effective citizenship for upper-elementary students. The lessons, set in American historical eras, engage students in cooperative-learning activities, role plays, simulations, readers theater, stories, and guided discussions, which introduce and reinforce law-related and civic education concepts and skills. Designed to meet the needs of a multi-centered student population, this curriculum features step-by-step teaching procedures, reproducible worksheet and activity masters, lessons linking the historical and law-related content to the present, and service-learning opportunities. This volume contains 3 units and 18 lessons in total. In unit 1, "Rules and Laws," students visit a Native American Chumash village and discover how rules and laws derived from myth and tradition help the Indians govern tribal life and resolve conflict. In unit 2, "Property," students meet Luisa, a girl living in a pueblo on the California Spanish frontier in the early 19th century. Students explore the concept of property and how law helps resolve conflicts over property. In unit 3, "Authority," students experience a hypothetical mining camp in California's Gold Rush era and discover what life might be like without effective authority. Students also examine executive, legislature, and judiciary roles.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian History, American Indians, Citizenship Education, Grade 4

Dahl, Eric William (1990). Native American Religious Freedom and Federal Land Management, Northeast Indian Quarterly. Explains the importance of specific locations to the performance of ceremonies and rituals in traditional Native American religions. Discusses recent court decisions in favor of federal land management agencies denying protection to sacred sites because of economic or development considerations. Contains 15 references. Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indians, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights Legislation

Education Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law (1974). Public Law 280: Behind the Trail of Termination. Public Law 280, enacted in 1953, dealt with termination but resulted in challenges to tribal jurisdiction. Practically no legislation has been enacted since then which would help with the question of jurisdiction in civil and criminal areas.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Background, Civil Rights

Russell, William Benedict, III, Ed. (2010). International Society for the Social Studies Annual Conference Proceedings (Orlando, Florida, February 25-26, 2010). Volume 2010, Issue 1, International Society for the Social Studies. The "ISSS Annual Conference Proceedings" is a peer-reviewed professional publication published once a year following the annual conference. (Individual papers contain references.) [For the 2009 proceedings, see ED504973.]   [More]  Descriptors: Social Studies, Proverbs, Social Justice, Global Approach

Baptiste, H. Prentice; Michal, Emil J., Jr. (2004). Influences of Three Presidents of the United States on Multicultural Education: A Series of Research Studies in Educational Policy–Third Installment: Examining Presidents John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman, Multicultural Education. The recognition, development and implementation of multicultural education in America is a relatively new and emerging idea. Prior to the middle of the previous century, the concept of addressing and providing a meaningful educational experience for all students, including students of color, was non-existent. In recent years, through the work of numerous educators (Banks, 1993; Banks, J. & Banks, C., 2004; Baptiste, 1979/1986/ 1994; Bennett, 1995; Boyer & Baptiste, 1996; Garcia, R.L., 1982; Gay, 1988/1994, 2004; Gollnick & Chinn, 1990; Nieto, 1992), not only has the concept of multicultural education begun to become a reality, it has become a driving force in curricular development. While these efforts by educators are important, the commitment of this country to multicultural education in American schools and on the international scene has not been significant (Spring, 2000). Part of this absence must be attributed to the lack of support and leadership from the President of the United Sates and his administration. Through the policies and actions of each President's individual administration, the role of multicultural education in this country is affected, both positively and negatively. In this paper, three presidents, John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman, was examined as to their roles in multicultural education. While considering these three men, it may appear that there is no common theme connecting them other than that all of them occupied the office of President of the United States. There are, however, connections that can be made among them. One thread was the political backgrounds of these men. Each would reflect the beginnings, evolution, and change of political parties in this country. [For the Second Installment in this series, see EJ783087.]   [More]   [More]  Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Educational Policy, Presidents, Educational Innovation

American Indian Journal of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law (1976). A History of Indian Jurisdiction.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Definitions, Federal Legislation

Rosiek, Jerry (2003). Emotional Scaffolding: An Exploration of the Teacher Knowledge at the Intersection of Student Emotion and the Subject Matter, Journal of Teacher Education. The practical knowledge that enables good teaching has emerged over the past decade as an area of critical interest to educational researchers. This article reports on insights gathered during a series of teacher practical knowledge research projects that took place over a 10-year period with more than 40 teacher interns and experienced teachers. The groups were convened for the purpose of critiquing and refining the concept of pedagogical content knowledge. One practice that became a focus of inquiry in these groups was the tailoring of pedagogical representations to influence students' emotional response to some specific aspect of the subject matter being taught. This practice was named "emotional scaffolding". Several examples of emotional scaffolding are provided and a typology of approaches to emotional scaffolding is offered. Possible implications for teacher knowledge theory and teacher education curriculum are explored.   [More]  Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Emotional Response, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Classification

Young, I. Phillip; Oto, Todd (2004). The Impact of Age for Asian, Hispanic, and Native American Teacher Candidates on Principals' Screening Decisions as Viewed from a Social Distance Perspective, Leadership and Policy in Schools. A national random sample of senior high school principals evaluated the paper credentials of hypothetical teacher candidates varying both in national origin (Asian, Hispanic, or Native American) and in chronological age (control condition, 29 years old, or 49 years old) for a focal teacher position either in their building (proximal) or in their district (distal). Evaluations were cast in a 3x3x2 completely crossed factorial design and submitted to a MANOVA. Results lend partial support for social distance theory as a framework for explaining screening decisions for certain ethnic groups reporting their chronological age as being either 29 or 49 and increase current knowledge about the teacher selection process.   [More]  Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, Age Differences, American Indians, Principals

Lawson, Michael L. (1976). The Navajo Indian Irrigation Project: Muddied Past, Clouded Future, Indian Historian.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Civil Rights, Economic Development

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Bibliography: American Indians Rights (page 71 of 75)

This bibliography is reformatted and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Water Protectors . Info website. Some of the authors featured on this page include Civil Rights Digest, John Baugh, William Byler, Suzanne Crowell, Bradford R. White, William Oandasan, Connie Flanagan, Joseph Muskrat, Vine Deloria, and June Jackson Christmas.

Brown, Kathleen Sullivan; Mullin, Christopher M.; White, Bradford R. (2009). The Illinois Class of 2002 and Race/Ethnicity: A Descriptive Summary Four Years after High School. Policy Research: IERC 2009-5, Illinois Education Research Council. The Illinois High School Class of 2002 is part of the third generational wave of American students following the landmark Supreme Court decision in "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka," which outlawed segregation in public education. This longitudinal study allows the authors to examine the long-term impacts of this monumental education and legal policy in the state of Illinois. An examination of data on how students of various races and ethnicities participate in public and private postsecondary education can provide insights into their subsequent success and challenges in pursuing the American Dream through educational advancement. Presented are results for the cohort as a whole. The authors display data by fall, spring, and summer semesters to capture the annual rhythms of educational participation.   [More]  Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Policy, Racial Differences, Postsecondary Education

Witt, Shirley Hill (1976). The Brave-Hearted Women. The Struggle at Wounded Knee, Civil Rights Digest. Gives a profile of Anna Mae Picton Squash, an Indian woman devoted to the service of the Indian people and Reports on her tragic death.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Biographies, Females, Government Role

Deloria, Vine, Jr. (1971). The New Exodus, Civil Rights Digest. A discussion of the shift of the focus of minority group action from assimilation on equal terms with individual majority group members to ethnic identity and redistribution of power among ethnically-based communities. Descriptors: American Indians, Black Power, Civil Rights, Community Influence

Baugh, John (2006). Linguistic Considerations Pertaining to "Brown v. Board": Exposing Racial Fallacies in the New Millennium, Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education. "Brown v. Board of Education" reminds this author, a linguist, of the linguistic diversity among black Americans, be they descendants of enslaved Africans–as he is proud to be–or Africans who escaped slavery. There is as much linguistic diversity among their race as among any other racial or ethnic group in the United States. When the Supreme Court handed down its landmark decision, "Brown" was hailed as the case that would lead to educational equality for all African Americans. That vision, however, has yet to be realized. In part, that is because, since "Brown," they have come to understand that racial segregation was only one obstacle standing in their way. This paper seeks to introduce some neglected linguistic dimensions into this realm, with particular attention to the "Brown" ruling and the growing linguistic diversity of black America.   [More]  Descriptors: African Americans, Equal Education, Racial Segregation, Linguistics

Aleiss, Angela (1987). Hollywood Addresses Postwar Assimilation: Indian/White Attitudes in "Broken Arrow.", American Indian Culture and Research Journal. Examines Western films in context of post-World War II attitudes regarding racial equality. Film "Broken Arrow" and Eliott Arnold's novel "Blood Brother," both recounting story of Apache chief Cochise, examined as benchmark works in national racial attitudes. Films generally seen as supporting Indian assimilation into White culture. Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Culture, American Indian History, Civil Rights

McCoy, Robert G. (1978). The Doctrine of Tribal Sovereignty: Accommodating Tribal, State, and Federal Interests, Harvard Civil Rights – Civil Liberties Law Review. Tribal political independence is dependent on the ability of tribes to assert their powers of self-government over their members and territory. The tribal sovereignty doctrine can resolve the conflicts tribes face with State and Federal interests. Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Civil Rights

Crowell, Suzanne (1973). Life on the Largest Reservation: Poverty and Progress in the Navajo Nation, Civil Rights Digest. Discusses problems of daily life, jobs, education, and government at the capital of the Navajo Nation, Window Rock, focusing on such local institutions as the Navajo tribal administration, the Tribal Council, the Navajo Tribal Utility Authority, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Tohatchi High School. Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Civil Rights, Community Organizations

Witt, Shirley Hill (1974). Native Women Today, Civil Rights Digest. Suggests that when the commonalities between minority and majority women are recognized, a national movement for the equalities of peoples and sexes will be underway. Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indians, Educationally Disadvantaged, Ethnic Groups

Byler, William (1977). Removing Children, Civil Rights Digest. The Indian child welfare crisis is critical, and Indian families face greater risks of involuntary separation than is typical of society as a whole. One of the reasons for this is a lack of rational federal and state standards governing child welfare matters. Descriptors: American Indians, Child Welfare, Family (Sociological Unit), Family Structure

Muskrat, Joseph (1973). Thoughts on the Indian Dilemma: Backgrounding the "Indian Problem", Civil Rights Digest. Argues that the core of the Indians' problem is the inability of their community to achieve a sense of control over its own destiny, and explores ways in which the Indians can organize to gain the necessary internal cohesion, resources, and capabilities in order to create a satisfactory position within American society. Descriptors: Activism, Administrative Policy, American Indian Reservations, American Indians

Flanagan, Connie; Gallay, Leslie (2008). Adolescent Development of Trust. CIRCLE Working Paper 61, Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE). The purpose of this project was to gain a better understanding of dimensions of trust and inter-relationships between those dimensions during the adolescent years. Drawing from survey data collected at the beginning and end of a semester in eighty middle- and high-school social studies classes, relationships were assessed between: social trust, trust in elected officials, trust in the responsiveness of government to ordinary people, trust in the American promise, and trustworthiness of the media. The study was designed as a randomized evaluation of a civics curriculum called Student Voices in the Campaign, with data gathered from two waves of surveys with 1,670 students ages 12-19 during the fall of 2004. Students from ethnic minority backgrounds were less likely than their ethnic majority peers to trust elected officials or people in general or to believe that the government was interested in ordinary people. However, ethnic minority students were not less likely to believe in the general tenets of that all people, regardless of background, had an equal opportunity to succeed in America. Controlling for social class, age, and ethnicity, adolescents' trust in the American promise and their civic commitments were found to be significantly predicted by the youths' proximate experiences of social inclusion in their communities and, particularly for ethnic minority students) by their reports that teachers practiced a democratic ethos at school.   [More]  Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Social Class, Trust (Psychology), Minority Groups

Christmas, June Jackson (1977). How Our Health System Fails Minorities: Systemic Defects and Systemic Discrimination, Civil Rights Digest. According to several indicators of health status, minorities are less healthy than whites. The health care system not only fails these minorities through the omission of essential health services. It also actively discriminates against them in manifold ways that place them at a continuing disadvantage. Descriptors: American Indians, Blacks, Health Personnel, Health Services

Civil Rights Digest (1973). Indians and the Media: A Panel Discussion. An exploration of communications and the approximately one million Indian people who live in the U.S., by people in film, television, radio, and print news; condensed from the transcript of a panel discussion held July 6, 1973 in conjunction with the Smithsonian Institution's Folklife Festival in Washington, D.C. Descriptors: American Indians, Broadcast Industry, Broadcast Television, Films

US Department of Education (2007). 27th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2005. Volume 2. This 2005 Annual Report to Congress has two volumes. This volume consists of tables that also were compiled from data provided by the states. Such data are required under the law. In fact, collection and analysis of these data are the primary means by which the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) monitors activities under the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act" ("IDEA"), thereby helping to ensure the free appropriate public education of all children with disabilities. Data tables in Volume 2 cover a multitude of topics regarding states' implementation of "IDEA," Parts B and C. In the analysis of data presented in Volume 1, there are frequent references to specific tables in Volume 2 as sources. In that sense, Volume 2 can be used as an appendix to Volume 1. However, the tables in Volume 2 provide much more extensive data than are referenced in Volume 1. As such, they may be used by anyone interested in doing further analysis of state activities funded under "IDEA." Appended are: (1) Part C Data Notes; (2) Part B Data Notes; (3) Population Data; (4) Enrollment Data; (5) 2002 Child Count by Disability and Race/Ethnicity; and (6) Budget Data. (Contains 51 tables.) [For Volume 1 of the 27th Annual Report to Congress, see ED499021.]   [More]  Descriptors: Disabilities, Public Education, Special Needs Students, Federal Legislation

Oandasan, William (1981). Critique of NEH Code of Ethics, American Indian Culture and Research Journal. The National Endowment for the Humanities' Code of Ethics for research of Native Americans, based on the Indian Religious Freedom Act (P.L. 95-561, 1978) and the National Historic Preservation Act (P.L. 96-515), is a model for awarding research grants. The Code will stimulate improved relations between scholars and Native Americans.   [More]  Descriptors: American Indians, Civil Rights, Codes of Ethics, Communication (Thought Transfer)

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